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Demographic and AIDS-related characteristics of consenters to a population-based HIV-survey: results from a pilot study in Arusha, Tanzania.
East Afr Med J. 1994 Aug; 71(8):483-9.EA

Abstract

The aim was to compare demographic and AIDS-related characteristics of people who consented to HIV-testing as part of a population survey with those who did not consent to HIV-testing. Subjects, aged 15-54 years, living in ten randomly selected clusters of households in one ward of Arusha town were asked to participate in a structured interview and to provide a blood sample for HIV-testing. Measurements included demographic variables and AIDS-related factors, such as knowledge of AIDS and sexual behaviour, and HIV-testing with Western Blot confirmation. Sixty-two percent of the eligible population (N = 600) participated in the interview, while 38% consented to HIV-testing. Odds ratio analysis techniques were used to compare consenters and non-consenters. More women than men participated in the interview (OR = 4.23), and participating men were younger than non-participating men (29.1 vs 31.9 years). Subjects who had attended secondary school were underrepresented among the HIV- test consenters (OR = 0.40). No other demographic or AIDS-related differences were observed between HIV-test consenters and non-consenters. At least in this pilot, non- consenters did not appear to be at any higher risk for HIV-infection than the consenters. Future population-based HIV-surveys might have to compromise on maximizing participation rate in order to secure informed, non-coerced consent from participants.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Tanzanian-Norwegian AIDS Project (MUTAN), Arusha.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7867536

Citation

Ole-King'Ori, N, et al. "Demographic and AIDS-related Characteristics of Consenters to a Population-based HIV-survey: Results From a Pilot Study in Arusha, Tanzania." East African Medical Journal, vol. 71, no. 8, 1994, pp. 483-9.
Ole-King'Ori N, Klepp KI, Kissila PE, et al. Demographic and AIDS-related characteristics of consenters to a population-based HIV-survey: results from a pilot study in Arusha, Tanzania. East Afr Med J. 1994;71(8):483-9.
Ole-King'Ori, N., Klepp, K. I., Kissila, P. E., Biswalo, P. M., & Mnyika, K. S. (1994). Demographic and AIDS-related characteristics of consenters to a population-based HIV-survey: results from a pilot study in Arusha, Tanzania. East African Medical Journal, 71(8), 483-9.
Ole-King'Ori N, et al. Demographic and AIDS-related Characteristics of Consenters to a Population-based HIV-survey: Results From a Pilot Study in Arusha, Tanzania. East Afr Med J. 1994;71(8):483-9. PubMed PMID: 7867536.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Demographic and AIDS-related characteristics of consenters to a population-based HIV-survey: results from a pilot study in Arusha, Tanzania. AU - Ole-King'Ori,N, AU - Klepp,K I, AU - Kissila,P E, AU - Biswalo,P M, AU - Mnyika,K S, PY - 1994/8/1/pubmed PY - 1994/8/1/medline PY - 1994/8/1/entrez KW - Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome KW - Africa KW - Africa South Of The Sahara KW - Community Participation KW - Data Collection KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Diseases KW - Eastern Africa KW - English Speaking Africa KW - Examinations And Diagnoses KW - Hiv Infections KW - Hiv Serodiagnosis KW - Informed Consent KW - Interviews KW - Laboratory Examinations And Diagnoses KW - Organization And Administration KW - Population KW - Research Methodology KW - Research Report KW - Tanzania KW - Viral Diseases SP - 483 EP - 9 JF - East African medical journal JO - East Afr Med J VL - 71 IS - 8 N2 - The aim was to compare demographic and AIDS-related characteristics of people who consented to HIV-testing as part of a population survey with those who did not consent to HIV-testing. Subjects, aged 15-54 years, living in ten randomly selected clusters of households in one ward of Arusha town were asked to participate in a structured interview and to provide a blood sample for HIV-testing. Measurements included demographic variables and AIDS-related factors, such as knowledge of AIDS and sexual behaviour, and HIV-testing with Western Blot confirmation. Sixty-two percent of the eligible population (N = 600) participated in the interview, while 38% consented to HIV-testing. Odds ratio analysis techniques were used to compare consenters and non-consenters. More women than men participated in the interview (OR = 4.23), and participating men were younger than non-participating men (29.1 vs 31.9 years). Subjects who had attended secondary school were underrepresented among the HIV- test consenters (OR = 0.40). No other demographic or AIDS-related differences were observed between HIV-test consenters and non-consenters. At least in this pilot, non- consenters did not appear to be at any higher risk for HIV-infection than the consenters. Future population-based HIV-surveys might have to compromise on maximizing participation rate in order to secure informed, non-coerced consent from participants. SN - 0012-835X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7867536/Demographic_and_AIDS_related_characteristics_of_consenters_to_a_population_based_HIV_survey:_results_from_a_pilot_study_in_Arusha_Tanzania_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/279 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -