Mechanism of thirst attenuation during head-out water immersion in men.Am J Physiol. 1995 Mar; 268(3 Pt 2):R583-9.AJ
The purpose was to determine whether extracellular volume or osmolality was the major contributing factor for reduction of thirst in air and head-out water immersion in hypohydrated subjects. Eight males (19-25 yr) were subjected to thermoneutral immersion and thermoneutral air under two hydration conditions without further drinking: euhydration in water (Eu-H2O) and euhydration in air, and hypohydration in water (Hypo-H2O) and hypohydration in air (3.7% wt loss after exercise in heat). The increased thirst sensation with Hypo-H2O decreased (P < 0.05) within 10 min of immersion and continued thereafter. Mean plasma osmolality (288 +/- 1 mosmol/kgH2O) and sodium (140 +/- 1 meq/l) remained elevated, and plasma volume increased by 4.2 +/- 1.0% (P < 0.05) throughout Hypo-H2O. A sustained increase (P < 0.05) in stroke volume accompanied the prompt and sustained decrease in plasma renin activity and sustained increase (P < 0.05) in plasma atrial natriuretic peptide during Eu-H2O and Hypo-H2O. Plasma vasopressin decreased from 5.3 +/- 0.7 to 2.9 +/- 0.5 pg/ml (P < 0.05) during Hypo-H2O but was unchanged in Eu-H2O. These findings suggest a sustained stimulation of the atrial baroreceptors and reduction of a dipsogenic stimulus without major alterations of extracellular osmolality in Hypo-H2O. Thus it appears that vascular volume-induced stimuli of cardiopulmonary baroreceptors play a more important role than extracellular osmolality in reducing thirst sensations during immersion in hypohydrated subjects.