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Progesterone reverses the estradiol-induced decrease in tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA levels in the arcuate nucleus.
Neuroendocrinology. 1993 Nov; 58(5):501-10.N

Abstract

Estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) interact to influence tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic neuronal activity and contribute to the control of prolactin (PRL) release. This study examined tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA signal levels in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus and tyrosine hydroxylase activity in the stalk-median eminence after 1 week of steroid treatment and related these to circulating PRL levels. Ovariectomized rats were untreated (control) or were implanted with E2, P4 or both E2 and P4 pellets and were sacrificed after 7 days at either 10:00 or 18:00 h. Some E2 + P4-treated rats were injected with either RU 486 or its vehicle at 12-hour intervals for the last 3 of the 7 days of steroid treatment. Tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA signal levels in the arcuate nucleus were decreased by 70% at both 10:00 and 18:00 h in the E2-treated rats compared to control rats. P4 alone had no effect on tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA levels, but reversed the E2-induced decrease so that mRNA levels in the E2 + P4-treated rats were similar to control levels. The progesterone antagonist RU 486 blocked this effect of P4, supporting the observation of decreased mRNA levels in E2-treated rats. Steroid treatment had no effect on tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA levels in the medial zona incerta. Tyrosine hydroxylase activity in the stalk-median eminence was similar at 10:00 and 18:00 h in control rats, and was decreased by 25 and 36% at 10:00 and 18:00 h, respectively, in E2-treated rats. P4 alone had no effect on tyrosine hydroxylase activity, but reversed the E2-induced decrease in enzyme activity to control levels at both 10:00 and 18:00 h. In contrast to the effect of RU 486 on tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA, tyrosine hydroxylase activity in E2 + P4-treated rats was not significantly altered by RU 486 at either 10:00 or 18:00 h. Circulating PRL levels were elevated in the E2-treated and E2 + P4-treated rats. A diurnal PRL rise was evident at 18:00 h in E2-treated rats, but was abolished by concomitant treatment with P4. The diurnal PRL surge was re-established in E2 + P4-treated rats after administration of RU 486, whereas basal circulating PRL levels were not altered by RU 486. These data indicate that P4 antagonizes the profound inhibitory effect or E2 on tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA content in the tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic neurons.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physiology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City 66160-7401.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7906870

Citation

Arbogast, L A., and J L. Voogt. "Progesterone Reverses the Estradiol-induced Decrease in Tyrosine Hydroxylase mRNA Levels in the Arcuate Nucleus." Neuroendocrinology, vol. 58, no. 5, 1993, pp. 501-10.
Arbogast LA, Voogt JL. Progesterone reverses the estradiol-induced decrease in tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA levels in the arcuate nucleus. Neuroendocrinology. 1993;58(5):501-10.
Arbogast, L. A., & Voogt, J. L. (1993). Progesterone reverses the estradiol-induced decrease in tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA levels in the arcuate nucleus. Neuroendocrinology, 58(5), 501-10.
Arbogast LA, Voogt JL. Progesterone Reverses the Estradiol-induced Decrease in Tyrosine Hydroxylase mRNA Levels in the Arcuate Nucleus. Neuroendocrinology. 1993;58(5):501-10. PubMed PMID: 7906870.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Progesterone reverses the estradiol-induced decrease in tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA levels in the arcuate nucleus. AU - Arbogast,L A, AU - Voogt,J L, PY - 1993/11/1/pubmed PY - 1993/11/1/medline PY - 1993/11/1/entrez SP - 501 EP - 10 JF - Neuroendocrinology JO - Neuroendocrinology VL - 58 IS - 5 N2 - Estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) interact to influence tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic neuronal activity and contribute to the control of prolactin (PRL) release. This study examined tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA signal levels in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus and tyrosine hydroxylase activity in the stalk-median eminence after 1 week of steroid treatment and related these to circulating PRL levels. Ovariectomized rats were untreated (control) or were implanted with E2, P4 or both E2 and P4 pellets and were sacrificed after 7 days at either 10:00 or 18:00 h. Some E2 + P4-treated rats were injected with either RU 486 or its vehicle at 12-hour intervals for the last 3 of the 7 days of steroid treatment. Tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA signal levels in the arcuate nucleus were decreased by 70% at both 10:00 and 18:00 h in the E2-treated rats compared to control rats. P4 alone had no effect on tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA levels, but reversed the E2-induced decrease so that mRNA levels in the E2 + P4-treated rats were similar to control levels. The progesterone antagonist RU 486 blocked this effect of P4, supporting the observation of decreased mRNA levels in E2-treated rats. Steroid treatment had no effect on tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA levels in the medial zona incerta. Tyrosine hydroxylase activity in the stalk-median eminence was similar at 10:00 and 18:00 h in control rats, and was decreased by 25 and 36% at 10:00 and 18:00 h, respectively, in E2-treated rats. P4 alone had no effect on tyrosine hydroxylase activity, but reversed the E2-induced decrease in enzyme activity to control levels at both 10:00 and 18:00 h. In contrast to the effect of RU 486 on tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA, tyrosine hydroxylase activity in E2 + P4-treated rats was not significantly altered by RU 486 at either 10:00 or 18:00 h. Circulating PRL levels were elevated in the E2-treated and E2 + P4-treated rats. A diurnal PRL rise was evident at 18:00 h in E2-treated rats, but was abolished by concomitant treatment with P4. The diurnal PRL surge was re-established in E2 + P4-treated rats after administration of RU 486, whereas basal circulating PRL levels were not altered by RU 486. These data indicate that P4 antagonizes the profound inhibitory effect or E2 on tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA content in the tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic neurons.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) SN - 0028-3835 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7906870/Progesterone_reverses_the_estradiol_induced_decrease_in_tyrosine_hydroxylase_mRNA_levels_in_the_arcuate_nucleus_ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000126583 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -