Blockade of striatal 5-hydroxytryptamine2 receptors reduces the increase in extracellular concentrations of dopamine produced by the amphetamine analogue 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine.J Neurochem. 1994 Apr; 62(4):1382-9.JN
5-Hydroxytryptamine2 (5-HT2) receptor antagonists have been shown to interfere with the stimulation of striatal dopamine synthesis and release produced by the amphetamine analogue 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). To localize the receptors responsible for the attenuation of MDMA-induced release, 5-HT2 receptor antagonists were infused via the microdialysis probe directly into the brains of awake, freely moving rats before the systemic administration of MDMA. Intrastriatal infusions of the selective 5-HT2 antagonist MDL 100,907 produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of MDMA-induced dopamine release. Similar results were observed with intrastriatal infusions of the 5-HT2 antagonist amperozide. In contrast, infusion of MDL 100,907 into the mid-brain region near the dopaminergic cell bodies was without effect on the MDMA-induced elevation of extracellular dopamine in the ipsilateral striatum. Neither antagonist attenuated basal transmitter efflux nor the MDMA-stimulated release of [3H]dopamine from striatal slices in vitro indicating that the in vivo effect of the antagonists was not due to inhibition of the dopamine uptake carrier. Intrastriatal infusion of tetrodotoxin reduced both basal and MDMA-stimulated dopamine efflux and eliminated the effect of intrastriatal MDL 100,907. The results indicate that 5-HT2 receptors located in the striatum augment the release of dopamine produced by high doses of MDMA. Furthermore, these 5-HT2 receptors appear to be located on nondopaminergic elements of the striatum.