Loss of D1/D2 dopamine receptor synergisms following repeated administration of D1 or D2 receptor selective antagonists: electrophysiological and behavioral studies.Synapse. 1994 May; 17(1):43-61.S
Many effects resulting from D2 dopamine (DA) receptor stimulation are manifest only when D1 DA receptors are stimulated by endogenous DA. When D1 receptor stimulation is enhanced by administration of selective D1 receptor agonists, the functional effects of selective D2 agonists are markedly increased. These qualitative and quantitative forms of D1/D2 DA receptor synergism are abolished by chronic DA depletion when both D1 and D2 DA receptors are supersensitive. Using both electrophysiological and behavioral methods, the present study examined the effects of selective D1 and D2 receptor supersensitivity, induced by repeated administration of selective D1 or D2 receptor antagonists, on the synergistic relationships between D1 and D2 receptors. Daily administration of the selective D2 antagonist eticlopride (0.5 mg/kg, s.c.) for 3 weeks produced a selective supersensitivity of both dorsal (caudate-putamen) and ventral (nucleus accumbens) striatal neurons to the inhibitory effects of the D2 agonist quinpirole (applied by microiontophoresis). This treatment also abolished the normal ability of the D1 agonist SKF 38393 to potentiate quinpirole-induced inhibition, and relieved D2 receptors from the necessity of D1 receptor stimulation by endogenous DA (enabling), as indicated by significant electrophysiological and behavioral (stereotypy) effects of quinpirole in eticlopride-pretreated, but not saline-pretreated, rats that were also acutely depleted of DA. Daily administration of the selective D1 receptor antagonist SCH 23390 (0.5 mg/kg, s.c.) caused supersensitivity of striatal neurons to the inhibitory effects of SKF 38393 and also abolished both the ability of SKF 38393 to potentiate quinpirole-induced inhibition and the necessity of D1 receptor stimulation for such inhibition. However, both quinpirole-induced inhibition of striatal cells and stereotyped responses were also somewhat enhanced in SCH 23390-pretreated rats. When such D1-sensitized rats were acutely depleted of DA, the behavioral effects of quinpirole were intermediate between saline-pretreated rats with acute DA depletion and SCH 23390-pretreated rats without acute DA depletion. Based upon these and related results, it is argued that the enhanced effects of quinpirole in D1-sensitized rats are due to a heterologous sensitization of D2 receptors rather than to enhanced enabling resulting from supersensitive D1 receptors. It is suggested that supersensitivity of either D1 or D2 receptors can lead to an uncoupling of normal qualitative and quantitative D1/D2 synergisms and that the heterologous regulation of D2 receptor sensitivity by D1 receptors may be related to uncoupling of functional D1/D2 synergisms.