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Consumption of meat, animal products, protein, and fat and risk of breast cancer: a prospective cohort study in New York.

Abstract

Epidemiologic studies have focused on the association between diet and breast cancer with conflicting results. Whereas a majority of case-control studies indicate a role for the intake of total fat and saturated fat, most prospective cohort studies either are negative or indicate very modest associations. Only a few authors have examined the role of meat intake in relation to breast cancer risk. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between risk of breast cancer and dietary intake of meat, animal products, fat, and protein. Between 1985 and 1991, we recruited 14,291 New York City women in a prospective cohort study of endogenous hormones, diet, and cancer in which they reported on their recent diet using a food frequency questionnaire self-administered at enrollment. From the cohort, 180 invasive breast cancer cases diagnosed before December 1990 and five times as many controls, individually matched by age, calendar time at enrollment, menopausal status, and, if premenopausal, phase of menstrual cycle, were included in a nested case-control study. There was an evident increase in the relative risk (RR) of breast cancer for increasing consumption of meat. Women in the upper quintile of meat consumption, as compared with the lowest quintile, had an energy-adjusted RR of 1.87 (95% confidence interval = 1.09-3.21). There was a modest RR increase in the upper quintile of total and saturated fat and no apparent association for other types of fat, protein, dairy products, poultry, or fish.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Nelson Institute of Environmental Medicine, New York University Medical Center, NY 10010.

    , ,

    Source

    Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) 5:4 1994 Jul pg 391-7

    MeSH

    Adult
    Breast Neoplasms
    Case-Control Studies
    Cohort Studies
    Diet
    Dietary Fats
    Dietary Proteins
    Female
    Humans
    Meat
    Meat Products
    Middle Aged
    New York City
    Prospective Studies
    Risk
    Women's Health

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    7918807

    Citation

    Toniolo, P, et al. "Consumption of Meat, Animal Products, Protein, and Fat and Risk of Breast Cancer: a Prospective Cohort Study in New York." Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.), vol. 5, no. 4, 1994, pp. 391-7.
    Toniolo P, Riboli E, Shore RE, et al. Consumption of meat, animal products, protein, and fat and risk of breast cancer: a prospective cohort study in New York. Epidemiology. 1994;5(4):391-7.
    Toniolo, P., Riboli, E., Shore, R. E., & Pasternack, B. S. (1994). Consumption of meat, animal products, protein, and fat and risk of breast cancer: a prospective cohort study in New York. Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.), 5(4), pp. 391-7.
    Toniolo P, et al. Consumption of Meat, Animal Products, Protein, and Fat and Risk of Breast Cancer: a Prospective Cohort Study in New York. Epidemiology. 1994;5(4):391-7. PubMed PMID: 7918807.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Consumption of meat, animal products, protein, and fat and risk of breast cancer: a prospective cohort study in New York. AU - Toniolo,P, AU - Riboli,E, AU - Shore,R E, AU - Pasternack,B S, PY - 1994/7/1/pubmed PY - 1994/7/1/medline PY - 1994/7/1/entrez SP - 391 EP - 7 JF - Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) JO - Epidemiology VL - 5 IS - 4 N2 - Epidemiologic studies have focused on the association between diet and breast cancer with conflicting results. Whereas a majority of case-control studies indicate a role for the intake of total fat and saturated fat, most prospective cohort studies either are negative or indicate very modest associations. Only a few authors have examined the role of meat intake in relation to breast cancer risk. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between risk of breast cancer and dietary intake of meat, animal products, fat, and protein. Between 1985 and 1991, we recruited 14,291 New York City women in a prospective cohort study of endogenous hormones, diet, and cancer in which they reported on their recent diet using a food frequency questionnaire self-administered at enrollment. From the cohort, 180 invasive breast cancer cases diagnosed before December 1990 and five times as many controls, individually matched by age, calendar time at enrollment, menopausal status, and, if premenopausal, phase of menstrual cycle, were included in a nested case-control study. There was an evident increase in the relative risk (RR) of breast cancer for increasing consumption of meat. Women in the upper quintile of meat consumption, as compared with the lowest quintile, had an energy-adjusted RR of 1.87 (95% confidence interval = 1.09-3.21). There was a modest RR increase in the upper quintile of total and saturated fat and no apparent association for other types of fat, protein, dairy products, poultry, or fish.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) SN - 1044-3983 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7918807/Consumption_of_meat_animal_products_protein_and_fat_and_risk_of_breast_cancer:_a_prospective_cohort_study_in_New_York_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=7918807.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -