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Combinations of low thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin B6 and vitamin C intake among Dutch adults. (Dutch Nutrition Surveillance System).
J Am Coll Nutr 1994; 13(4):383-91JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Clustering of low vitamin intake may entail a greater functional and/or health risk than the summation of separate low intakes may suggest. Therefore, the prevalence of combined low thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin B6 and vitamin C intake in various adult sex-age groups in The Netherlands was estimated.

METHODS

Nutritional risks were evaluated by comparing the calculated intakes with the recommendations for each vitamin. For this purpose the data of a subsample of 3353 adults of a nationwide food consumption survey were used, which had been collected in 1987-88 within the framework of the Dutch Nutrition Surveillance System. Food consumption data were obtained through 2-day dietary records. Respondents were segmented into tertiles based on their vitamin intake per 1000 kcal (4.2 MJ) to adjust for energy intake.

RESULTS

As compared with the RDAs, mean overall intake was lowest for vitamin B6. Based on tertile analyses, the risk for inadequate intake was relatively high for vitamin C, small for riboflavin and intermediate for thiamin and vitamin B6. Low vitamin densities clustered somewhat since the prevalence of combined low intakes for all four vitamins was higher than expected from probability calculations. This interdependence was mainly the result of a higher consumption of alcoholic beverages and of other food products with a low vitamin density.

CONCLUSION

In affluent societies nutritional risk assessment should not be based solely on single vitamins but should also be oriented at combined low intake levels.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Nutrition, TNO Toxicology and Nutrition Institute, The Netherlands.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7963145

Citation

van der Beek, E J., et al. "Combinations of Low Thiamin, Riboflavin, Vitamin B6 and Vitamin C Intake Among Dutch Adults. (Dutch Nutrition Surveillance System)." Journal of the American College of Nutrition, vol. 13, no. 4, 1994, pp. 383-91.
van der Beek EJ, Löwik MR, Hulshof KF, et al. Combinations of low thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin B6 and vitamin C intake among Dutch adults. (Dutch Nutrition Surveillance System). J Am Coll Nutr. 1994;13(4):383-91.
van der Beek, E. J., Löwik, M. R., Hulshof, K. F., & Kistemaker, C. (1994). Combinations of low thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin B6 and vitamin C intake among Dutch adults. (Dutch Nutrition Surveillance System). Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 13(4), pp. 383-91.
van der Beek EJ, et al. Combinations of Low Thiamin, Riboflavin, Vitamin B6 and Vitamin C Intake Among Dutch Adults. (Dutch Nutrition Surveillance System). J Am Coll Nutr. 1994;13(4):383-91. PubMed PMID: 7963145.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Combinations of low thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin B6 and vitamin C intake among Dutch adults. (Dutch Nutrition Surveillance System). AU - van der Beek,E J, AU - Löwik,M R, AU - Hulshof,K F, AU - Kistemaker,C, PY - 1994/8/1/pubmed PY - 1994/8/1/medline PY - 1994/8/1/entrez SP - 383 EP - 91 JF - Journal of the American College of Nutrition JO - J Am Coll Nutr VL - 13 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Clustering of low vitamin intake may entail a greater functional and/or health risk than the summation of separate low intakes may suggest. Therefore, the prevalence of combined low thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin B6 and vitamin C intake in various adult sex-age groups in The Netherlands was estimated. METHODS: Nutritional risks were evaluated by comparing the calculated intakes with the recommendations for each vitamin. For this purpose the data of a subsample of 3353 adults of a nationwide food consumption survey were used, which had been collected in 1987-88 within the framework of the Dutch Nutrition Surveillance System. Food consumption data were obtained through 2-day dietary records. Respondents were segmented into tertiles based on their vitamin intake per 1000 kcal (4.2 MJ) to adjust for energy intake. RESULTS: As compared with the RDAs, mean overall intake was lowest for vitamin B6. Based on tertile analyses, the risk for inadequate intake was relatively high for vitamin C, small for riboflavin and intermediate for thiamin and vitamin B6. Low vitamin densities clustered somewhat since the prevalence of combined low intakes for all four vitamins was higher than expected from probability calculations. This interdependence was mainly the result of a higher consumption of alcoholic beverages and of other food products with a low vitamin density. CONCLUSION: In affluent societies nutritional risk assessment should not be based solely on single vitamins but should also be oriented at combined low intake levels. SN - 0731-5724 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7963145/Combinations_of_low_thiamin_riboflavin_vitamin_B6_and_vitamin_C_intake_among_Dutch_adults___Dutch_Nutrition_Surveillance_System__ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07315724.1994.10718426 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -