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Attachment in mothers with anxiety disorders and their children.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1994 Oct; 33(8):1106-13.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study examined adult attachment in mothers diagnosed with anxiety disorders and child-mother attachment in their children.

METHOD

Eighteen mothers with Axis I anxiety disorders completed the Adult Attachment Interview and standardized questionnaires. These mothers and their preschool children (n = 20) then participated in the Strange Situation Procedure.

RESULTS

All mothers were classified as nonautonomous with respect to attachment, with 78% judged unresolved. When those judged unresolved were reassigned to their alternate categories, the proportion of nonautonomous mothers was 61%. Eighty percent of the children were classified as insecurely attached, with 65% judged disorganized. When those judged disorganized were reassigned to their alternate categories, the proportion of insecurely attached children was 55%. Sixty-five percent of the children matched their mother's attachment classification. Mothers of securely attached children reported fewer recent life events, fewer depressive symptoms, and a greater sense of parenting competence than mothers of insecurely attached children.

CONCLUSIONS

These results suggest that attachment measures can be applied to anxious populations. The high rate of insecurity among offspring of anxious mothers indicates a need for longitudinal studies of these children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7982861

Citation

Manassis, K, et al. "Attachment in Mothers With Anxiety Disorders and Their Children." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 33, no. 8, 1994, pp. 1106-13.
Manassis K, Bradley S, Goldberg S, et al. Attachment in mothers with anxiety disorders and their children. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1994;33(8):1106-13.
Manassis, K., Bradley, S., Goldberg, S., Hood, J., & Swinson, R. P. (1994). Attachment in mothers with anxiety disorders and their children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 33(8), 1106-13.
Manassis K, et al. Attachment in Mothers With Anxiety Disorders and Their Children. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1994;33(8):1106-13. PubMed PMID: 7982861.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Attachment in mothers with anxiety disorders and their children. AU - Manassis,K, AU - Bradley,S, AU - Goldberg,S, AU - Hood,J, AU - Swinson,R P, PY - 1994/10/1/pubmed PY - 1994/10/1/medline PY - 1994/10/1/entrez SP - 1106 EP - 13 JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry JO - J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry VL - 33 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study examined adult attachment in mothers diagnosed with anxiety disorders and child-mother attachment in their children. METHOD: Eighteen mothers with Axis I anxiety disorders completed the Adult Attachment Interview and standardized questionnaires. These mothers and their preschool children (n = 20) then participated in the Strange Situation Procedure. RESULTS: All mothers were classified as nonautonomous with respect to attachment, with 78% judged unresolved. When those judged unresolved were reassigned to their alternate categories, the proportion of nonautonomous mothers was 61%. Eighty percent of the children were classified as insecurely attached, with 65% judged disorganized. When those judged disorganized were reassigned to their alternate categories, the proportion of insecurely attached children was 55%. Sixty-five percent of the children matched their mother's attachment classification. Mothers of securely attached children reported fewer recent life events, fewer depressive symptoms, and a greater sense of parenting competence than mothers of insecurely attached children. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that attachment measures can be applied to anxious populations. The high rate of insecurity among offspring of anxious mothers indicates a need for longitudinal studies of these children. SN - 0890-8567 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7982861/Attachment_in_mothers_with_anxiety_disorders_and_their_children_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0890-8567(09)64115-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -