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Differential influence of parental smoking and friends' smoking on adolescent initiation and escalation of smoking.
J Health Soc Behav. 1994 Sep; 35(3):248-65.JH

Abstract

Smoking-related behaviors and attitudes of significant others (especially friends and parents) are among the most consistent predictors of adolescent smoking. However, theorists remain divided on whether the behaviors of significant others influence adolescent smoking directly or indirectly, and the relative influence of parental and peer smoking on adolescents' own smoking is still a matter of debate. In addition, little research has examined the role of significant others' behavior on different stages of smoking onset. In particular, not much information is available regarding gender and ethnic differences in social influences on smoking behavior. We use structural equation modeling to address these issues. Different theoretical perspectives from cognitive-affective theories (Ajzen 1985; Ajzen and Fishbein 1980) and social learning theories (Akers et al. 1979; Bandura 1969, 1982, 1986) have been integrated into a structural model of smoking influence. The results show that friends' smoking affects adolescent initiation into smoking both directly and indirectly, whereas parental smoking influences smoking initiation only indirectly. The data also show that friends' and parents' smoking affect smoking escalation only indirectly. In general, friends' smoking has a stronger effect on adolescents' smoking behavior, particularly on initiation. Multiple group comparisons of the structural models predicting smoking initiation among males and females reveal that parental approval of smoking plays a significant mediating role for females, but not for males. Comparisons of Whites, Blacks, Hispanics, and other ethnic groups reveal that there are some significant differences in the pathways of friends' influences among the four groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Prevention Research Center, University of Illinois at Chicago 60607-3025.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7983337

Citation

Flay, B R., et al. "Differential Influence of Parental Smoking and Friends' Smoking On Adolescent Initiation and Escalation of Smoking." Journal of Health and Social Behavior, vol. 35, no. 3, 1994, pp. 248-65.
Flay BR, Hu FB, Siddiqui O, et al. Differential influence of parental smoking and friends' smoking on adolescent initiation and escalation of smoking. J Health Soc Behav. 1994;35(3):248-65.
Flay, B. R., Hu, F. B., Siddiqui, O., Day, L. E., Hedeker, D., Petraitis, J., Richardson, J., & Sussman, S. (1994). Differential influence of parental smoking and friends' smoking on adolescent initiation and escalation of smoking. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 35(3), 248-65.
Flay BR, et al. Differential Influence of Parental Smoking and Friends' Smoking On Adolescent Initiation and Escalation of Smoking. J Health Soc Behav. 1994;35(3):248-65. PubMed PMID: 7983337.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Differential influence of parental smoking and friends' smoking on adolescent initiation and escalation of smoking. AU - Flay,B R, AU - Hu,F B, AU - Siddiqui,O, AU - Day,L E, AU - Hedeker,D, AU - Petraitis,J, AU - Richardson,J, AU - Sussman,S, PY - 1994/9/1/pubmed PY - 1994/9/1/medline PY - 1994/9/1/entrez SP - 248 EP - 65 JF - Journal of health and social behavior JO - J Health Soc Behav VL - 35 IS - 3 N2 - Smoking-related behaviors and attitudes of significant others (especially friends and parents) are among the most consistent predictors of adolescent smoking. However, theorists remain divided on whether the behaviors of significant others influence adolescent smoking directly or indirectly, and the relative influence of parental and peer smoking on adolescents' own smoking is still a matter of debate. In addition, little research has examined the role of significant others' behavior on different stages of smoking onset. In particular, not much information is available regarding gender and ethnic differences in social influences on smoking behavior. We use structural equation modeling to address these issues. Different theoretical perspectives from cognitive-affective theories (Ajzen 1985; Ajzen and Fishbein 1980) and social learning theories (Akers et al. 1979; Bandura 1969, 1982, 1986) have been integrated into a structural model of smoking influence. The results show that friends' smoking affects adolescent initiation into smoking both directly and indirectly, whereas parental smoking influences smoking initiation only indirectly. The data also show that friends' and parents' smoking affect smoking escalation only indirectly. In general, friends' smoking has a stronger effect on adolescents' smoking behavior, particularly on initiation. Multiple group comparisons of the structural models predicting smoking initiation among males and females reveal that parental approval of smoking plays a significant mediating role for females, but not for males. Comparisons of Whites, Blacks, Hispanics, and other ethnic groups reveal that there are some significant differences in the pathways of friends' influences among the four groups. SN - 0022-1465 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7983337/Differential_influence_of_parental_smoking_and_friends'_smoking_on_adolescent_initiation_and_escalation_of_smoking_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/smokingandyouth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -