Mullerian-inhibiting substance secretion is delayed in XX sex-reversed dog embryos.Mol Reprod Dev. 1994 Sep; 39(1):1-7.MR
Sertoli cell secretion of Mullerian-inhibiting substance (MIS) begins shortly after testis differentiation. Mullerian ducts regress following MIS exposure during an embryonic critical period. In dogs with XX sex reversal, Mullerian ducts persist in the presence of testicular tissue. This study was conducted to determine whether MIS is present in ovotestes of XX sex-reversed embryos during the period for Mullerian duct regression in normal males. XX sex-reversed embryos and normal littermates were identified by a combination of karyotype and gonadal histology. The degree of regression in the adjacent Mullerian duct was scored. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect MIS in the contralateral gonad. Testicular differentiation and MIS secretion were identified in XY embryos at all ages studied (35-46 days). Seminiferous tubules were not observed in gonads of embryos at risk of XX sex reversal between 35-38 days (n = 15), but were observed at 40 and 46 days (n = 3). Although positive staining for MIS was observed in ovotestes, adjacent Mullerian ducts persisted. The degree of seminiferous tubule development was reduced and MIS secretion was delayed in ovotestes, compared to normal testes. Mullerian duct persistence in this model is apparently due to an abnormality in the quantity and timing of MIS secretion during embryonic development.