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Kava dermopathy.
J Am Acad Dermatol. 1994 Jul; 31(1):89-97.JA

Abstract

Kava is a psychoactive beverage used ceremonially for thousands of years by Pacific Islanders. Kava is made from the root of the pepper plant, Piper methysticum, found in Polynesia, Melanesia, and Micronesia. The beverage is a nonfermented depressant with complex neuropharmacologic properties that causes a tranquil state of intoxication. Kava also affects the skin, causing a peculiar scaly eruption. The cutaneous effects were first reported by members of Captain James Cook's Pacific expeditions, but they have never been described in dermatologic literature. Heavy kava drinkers acquire a reversible ichthyosiform eruption, kava dermopathy. The cause is unknown but may relate to interference with cholesterol metabolism. Today kava is used across the Pacific in both traditional ceremonies and informal social events. In Western nations, kava is sold as a relaxant by health food stores. This article explores the history of kava dermopathy from Cook's early reports to its presence today.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 96859.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8021378

Citation

Norton, S A., and P Ruze. "Kava Dermopathy." Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 31, no. 1, 1994, pp. 89-97.
Norton SA, Ruze P. Kava dermopathy. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1994;31(1):89-97.
Norton, S. A., & Ruze, P. (1994). Kava dermopathy. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 31(1), 89-97.
Norton SA, Ruze P. Kava Dermopathy. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1994;31(1):89-97. PubMed PMID: 8021378.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Kava dermopathy. AU - Norton,S A, AU - Ruze,P, PY - 1994/7/1/pubmed PY - 1994/7/1/medline PY - 1994/7/1/entrez SP - 89 EP - 97 JF - Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology JO - J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. VL - 31 IS - 1 N2 - Kava is a psychoactive beverage used ceremonially for thousands of years by Pacific Islanders. Kava is made from the root of the pepper plant, Piper methysticum, found in Polynesia, Melanesia, and Micronesia. The beverage is a nonfermented depressant with complex neuropharmacologic properties that causes a tranquil state of intoxication. Kava also affects the skin, causing a peculiar scaly eruption. The cutaneous effects were first reported by members of Captain James Cook's Pacific expeditions, but they have never been described in dermatologic literature. Heavy kava drinkers acquire a reversible ichthyosiform eruption, kava dermopathy. The cause is unknown but may relate to interference with cholesterol metabolism. Today kava is used across the Pacific in both traditional ceremonies and informal social events. In Western nations, kava is sold as a relaxant by health food stores. This article explores the history of kava dermopathy from Cook's early reports to its presence today. SN - 0190-9622 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8021378/Kava_dermopathy_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0190-9622(94)70142-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -