Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Women's protective sexual behaviors: a test of the health belief model.
AIDS Educ Prev. 1994 Feb; 6(1):1-11.AE

Abstract

Heterosexual transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has become a significant health issue for women. The present study describes the extent to which a sample of women from an urban area report making efforts to protect themselves from becoming infected with HIV through several protective sexual behaviors. Secondly, we assess the extent to which adoption of these protective behaviors can be explained by health beliefs and previous HIV testing. Forty-nine percent of the sample reported having used a condom in the past year because of fear of AIDS and 48% reported having carried condoms. Women in this sample perceived themselves to be moderately susceptible to AIDS and they were well aware of the severity of the disease. Women tended to think that protecting themselves from AIDS would not be overly burdensome and that the recommended sexual protective behaviors were highly effective for preventing AIDS. Messages about the severity of AIDS and the effectiveness of protective sexual behaviors seem to be reaching women. Beliefs about personal susceptibility were consistently associated with the adoption of multiple protective behaviors, suggesting that messages emphasizing the ubiquity of risk, especially in demographically high-risk populations, may be particularly appropriate and effective.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8024939

Citation

Gielen, A C., et al. "Women's Protective Sexual Behaviors: a Test of the Health Belief Model." AIDS Education and Prevention : Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education, vol. 6, no. 1, 1994, pp. 1-11.
Gielen AC, Faden RR, O'Campo P, et al. Women's protective sexual behaviors: a test of the health belief model. AIDS Educ Prev. 1994;6(1):1-11.
Gielen, A. C., Faden, R. R., O'Campo, P., Kass, N., & Anderson, J. (1994). Women's protective sexual behaviors: a test of the health belief model. AIDS Education and Prevention : Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education, 6(1), 1-11.
Gielen AC, et al. Women's Protective Sexual Behaviors: a Test of the Health Belief Model. AIDS Educ Prev. 1994;6(1):1-11. PubMed PMID: 8024939.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Women's protective sexual behaviors: a test of the health belief model. AU - Gielen,A C, AU - Faden,R R, AU - O'Campo,P, AU - Kass,N, AU - Anderson,J, PY - 1994/2/1/pubmed PY - 1994/2/1/medline PY - 1994/2/1/entrez KW - Acceptors KW - Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome--prevention and control KW - Americas KW - Barrier Methods KW - Behavior KW - Beliefs KW - Comparative Studies KW - Condom KW - Contraception KW - Contraceptive Methods KW - Culture KW - Developed Countries KW - Diseases KW - Family Planning KW - Family Planning Programs KW - Hiv Infections--prevention and control KW - Maryland KW - Models, Theoretical KW - Nonacceptors KW - North America KW - Northern America KW - Perception KW - Psychological Factors KW - Research Methodology KW - Risk Reduction Behavior--determinants KW - Self-perception KW - Sex Behavior--determinants KW - Studies KW - United States KW - Viral Diseases SP - 1 EP - 11 JF - AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education JO - AIDS Educ Prev VL - 6 IS - 1 N2 - Heterosexual transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has become a significant health issue for women. The present study describes the extent to which a sample of women from an urban area report making efforts to protect themselves from becoming infected with HIV through several protective sexual behaviors. Secondly, we assess the extent to which adoption of these protective behaviors can be explained by health beliefs and previous HIV testing. Forty-nine percent of the sample reported having used a condom in the past year because of fear of AIDS and 48% reported having carried condoms. Women in this sample perceived themselves to be moderately susceptible to AIDS and they were well aware of the severity of the disease. Women tended to think that protecting themselves from AIDS would not be overly burdensome and that the recommended sexual protective behaviors were highly effective for preventing AIDS. Messages about the severity of AIDS and the effectiveness of protective sexual behaviors seem to be reaching women. Beliefs about personal susceptibility were consistently associated with the adoption of multiple protective behaviors, suggesting that messages emphasizing the ubiquity of risk, especially in demographically high-risk populations, may be particularly appropriate and effective. SN - 0899-9546 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8024939/Women's_protective_sexual_behaviors:_a_test_of_the_health_belief_model_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/womenshealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -