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Blood lead levels--United States, 1988-1991.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1994 Aug 05; 43(30):545-8.MM

Abstract

Since the late 1970s, ongoing contamination of the U.S. environment by lead has been substantially reduced as major uses of lead in house paint, gasoline, water-distribution systems, and food cans have been eliminated or reduced (1). During the 1980s, blood lead data from both selected populations and convenience samples indicated a continuation of the decline in blood lead levels (BLLs) (2) observed during 1976-1980 during the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II) (3). However, research during the past two decades has demonstrated adverse health effects at BLLs previously considered to be safe (1). This report summarizes estimates of BLLs in the U.S. population from Phase 1 of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), compares these estimates to those from NHANES II, and examines demographic patterns of BLLs among children aged 1-5 years (4,5).

Authors

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8035771

Citation

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). "Blood Lead levels--United States, 1988-1991." MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 43, no. 30, 1994, pp. 545-8.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Blood lead levels--United States, 1988-1991. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1994;43(30):545-8.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (1994). Blood lead levels--United States, 1988-1991. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 43(30), 545-8.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Blood Lead levels--United States, 1988-1991. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1994 Aug 5;43(30):545-8. PubMed PMID: 8035771.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Blood lead levels--United States, 1988-1991. A1 - ,, PY - 1994/8/5/pubmed PY - 1994/8/5/medline PY - 1994/8/5/entrez SP - 545 EP - 8 JF - MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report JO - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep VL - 43 IS - 30 N2 - Since the late 1970s, ongoing contamination of the U.S. environment by lead has been substantially reduced as major uses of lead in house paint, gasoline, water-distribution systems, and food cans have been eliminated or reduced (1). During the 1980s, blood lead data from both selected populations and convenience samples indicated a continuation of the decline in blood lead levels (BLLs) (2) observed during 1976-1980 during the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II) (3). However, research during the past two decades has demonstrated adverse health effects at BLLs previously considered to be safe (1). This report summarizes estimates of BLLs in the U.S. population from Phase 1 of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), compares these estimates to those from NHANES II, and examines demographic patterns of BLLs among children aged 1-5 years (4,5). SN - 0149-2195 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8035771/Blood_lead_levels__United_States_1988_1991_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/leadpoisoning.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -