Reducing cumulative trauma disorders: use of proper workplace design.AAOHN J. 1994 Jun; 42(6):270-6.AJ
1. Cumulative trauma disorder can be reduced by applying four ergonomic approaches: applying anthropometric data, reducing the number of repetitions, reducing the force required, and eliminating awkward postures as much as possible. 2. Selecting the proper work surface height will help reduce fatigue, pain, and discomfort and will allow the employee to be at the right height in relation to the task. Ideally, an adjustable height work surface should be provided that will accommodate all potential users. 3. Prolonged standing and sitting are physically stressful to the body. However, by providing a well designed work area with the appropriate accessories, such as antifatigue mats, ergonomic chairs, and footrests, fatigue and discomfort can be minimized. 4. In addition to providing a properly designed work area, a successful ergonomics program should include training, administrative actions, and exercise programs.