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Periodontal complications of HIV infection.

Abstract

As the scope of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic grows to include increasingly larger proportions of heterosexual adults and children, there has also been a change in the severity of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related periodontal conditions at one San Francisco clinic. The cases of HIV-associated gingivitis, now called linear gingival erythema, HIV-associated periodontitis (or necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis), and necrotizing stomatitis have been less severe, despite an increase in overall HIV caseload. No clear basis for this trend has been established, but possible explanations include: biased population samples, increased immunosuppression as the disease matures, use of antimicrobial therapy, or a change in patient demographics. Several studies have failed to identify a single causative organism. This article presents a review of HIV-related periodontal complications and points out that the condition can be treated with local and systemic antibiotics and that dental professionals throughout the world can expect a tremendous increase over the next several years in HIV-infected patients with special clinical complications.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Stomatology, School of Dentistry, University of California at San Francisco.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8039207

Citation

Greenspan, J S.. "Periodontal Complications of HIV Infection." Compendium (Newtown, Pa.). Supplement, 1994, pp. S694-8; quiz S714-7.
Greenspan JS. Periodontal complications of HIV infection. Compend Suppl. 1994.
Greenspan, J. S. (1994). Periodontal complications of HIV infection. Compendium (Newtown, Pa.). Supplement, (18), S694-8; quiz S714-7.
Greenspan JS. Periodontal Complications of HIV Infection. Compend Suppl. 1994;(18)S694-8; quiz S714-7. PubMed PMID: 8039207.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Periodontal complications of HIV infection. A1 - Greenspan,J S, PY - 1994/1/1/pubmed PY - 1994/1/1/medline PY - 1994/1/1/entrez SP - S694-8; quiz S714-7 JF - Compendium (Newtown, Pa.). Supplement JO - Compend Suppl IS - 18 N2 - As the scope of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic grows to include increasingly larger proportions of heterosexual adults and children, there has also been a change in the severity of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related periodontal conditions at one San Francisco clinic. The cases of HIV-associated gingivitis, now called linear gingival erythema, HIV-associated periodontitis (or necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis), and necrotizing stomatitis have been less severe, despite an increase in overall HIV caseload. No clear basis for this trend has been established, but possible explanations include: biased population samples, increased immunosuppression as the disease matures, use of antimicrobial therapy, or a change in patient demographics. Several studies have failed to identify a single causative organism. This article presents a review of HIV-related periodontal complications and points out that the condition can be treated with local and systemic antibiotics and that dental professionals throughout the world can expect a tremendous increase over the next several years in HIV-infected patients with special clinical complications. UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8039207/Periodontal_complications_of_HIV_infection_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/9735 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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