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National trends in risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Germany.
Prev Med. 1994 Mar; 23(2):197-205.PM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

National representative health surveys for Germany were conducted for the first time in 1984/85 and again in 1987/88 and 1990/91.

METHODS

Data from these three independent population samples (ages 25-69 years) are used to describe national trends in cardiovascular risk factors. In addition, national cardiovascular disease mortality rates during this time period are presented.

RESULTS

A net rise in median total serum cholesterol level of 0.17 mmol/liter (6.6 mg/dl) for men and 0.08 mmol/liter (3.1 mg/dl) for women was observed. Also observed was an increase in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol of 0.04 mmol/liter (1.5 mg/dl) for men and of 0.09 mmol/liter (3.5 mg/dl) for women. This resulted in a favorable increase in the HDL/total cholesterol quotient. There were no statistically significant changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, with the exception of a net increase of 2 mm Hg in systolic blood pressure for women. A net rise of 0.3 kg/m2 for men and 0.4 kg/m2 for women in body mass index was observed. The prevalence of male smokers declined during the observed period while the prevalence of female smokers increased.

CONCLUSIONS

Most of the measured risk factors increased in both sexes during the study period. This is not reflected in cardiovascular mortality, which has shown a steady downward trend for more than 20 years.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Federal Health Office, Federal Republic of Germany.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8047526

Citation

Hoffmeister, H, et al. "National Trends in Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Germany." Preventive Medicine, vol. 23, no. 2, 1994, pp. 197-205.
Hoffmeister H, Mensink GB, Stolzenberg H. National trends in risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Germany. Prev Med. 1994;23(2):197-205.
Hoffmeister, H., Mensink, G. B., & Stolzenberg, H. (1994). National trends in risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Germany. Preventive Medicine, 23(2), 197-205.
Hoffmeister H, Mensink GB, Stolzenberg H. National Trends in Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Germany. Prev Med. 1994;23(2):197-205. PubMed PMID: 8047526.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - National trends in risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Germany. AU - Hoffmeister,H, AU - Mensink,G B, AU - Stolzenberg,H, PY - 1994/3/1/pubmed PY - 1994/3/1/medline PY - 1994/3/1/entrez SP - 197 EP - 205 JF - Preventive medicine JO - Prev Med VL - 23 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: National representative health surveys for Germany were conducted for the first time in 1984/85 and again in 1987/88 and 1990/91. METHODS: Data from these three independent population samples (ages 25-69 years) are used to describe national trends in cardiovascular risk factors. In addition, national cardiovascular disease mortality rates during this time period are presented. RESULTS: A net rise in median total serum cholesterol level of 0.17 mmol/liter (6.6 mg/dl) for men and 0.08 mmol/liter (3.1 mg/dl) for women was observed. Also observed was an increase in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol of 0.04 mmol/liter (1.5 mg/dl) for men and of 0.09 mmol/liter (3.5 mg/dl) for women. This resulted in a favorable increase in the HDL/total cholesterol quotient. There were no statistically significant changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, with the exception of a net increase of 2 mm Hg in systolic blood pressure for women. A net rise of 0.3 kg/m2 for men and 0.4 kg/m2 for women in body mass index was observed. The prevalence of male smokers declined during the observed period while the prevalence of female smokers increased. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the measured risk factors increased in both sexes during the study period. This is not reflected in cardiovascular mortality, which has shown a steady downward trend for more than 20 years. SN - 0091-7435 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8047526/National_trends_in_risk_factors_for_cardiovascular_disease_in_Germany_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0091-7435(84)71027-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -