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Levels and correlates of maternal nutritional status in urban Bangladesh.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 1994 May; 48(5):349-57.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the levels and correlates of maternal nutritional status.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional maternal weight, height, and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) data were correlated with sociodemographic data.

SETTING

Slums of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

SUBJECTS

Weight, height and MUAC were collected from a representative sample of 2417 nonpregnant mothers. Socioeconomic data such as age, education, religion and household economic status was collected from 2048 mothers; data on reproductive experiences such as number of pregnancies and number of children born alive now dead was available from 1314 mothers; and both sets of data from 1185 mothers.

METHODS

Using weight, height, MUAC and body mass index (BMI) data, the levels of maternal nutritional status were estimated. Bivariate and multivariate relationships of maternal nutritional status with socioeconomic and reproductive experiences variables were examined.

RESULTS

Mothers' mean weight, height, MUAC and BMI were 41.8 kg, 148.8 cm, 232.5 mm, and 18.8 respectively. In multivariate regression analyses, mothers' weight, BMI and MUAC were significantly positively correlated with mothers' years of schooling (P < 0.05) and household economic status (P < 0.01). Mothers' height was significantly positively correlated with years of schooling (P < 0.05), but not with household economic status. Maternal height and weight were significantly negatively correlated with number of child deaths (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

The findings suggest a possible inter-generational effect; thus, improvement of the nutritional status of girls of this generation would improve child survival in the next generation. This, however, will require complex and long-term planning. As an interim measure, shorter mothers should be targeted for appropriate antenatal and obstetric services.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Urban Health Extension Project, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8055851

Citation

Baqui, A H., et al. "Levels and Correlates of Maternal Nutritional Status in Urban Bangladesh." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 48, no. 5, 1994, pp. 349-57.
Baqui AH, Arifeen SE, Amin S, et al. Levels and correlates of maternal nutritional status in urban Bangladesh. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1994;48(5):349-57.
Baqui, A. H., Arifeen, S. E., Amin, S., & Black, R. E. (1994). Levels and correlates of maternal nutritional status in urban Bangladesh. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 48(5), 349-57.
Baqui AH, et al. Levels and Correlates of Maternal Nutritional Status in Urban Bangladesh. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1994;48(5):349-57. PubMed PMID: 8055851.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Levels and correlates of maternal nutritional status in urban Bangladesh. AU - Baqui,A H, AU - Arifeen,S E, AU - Amin,S, AU - Black,R E, PY - 1994/5/1/pubmed PY - 1994/5/1/medline PY - 1994/5/1/entrez KW - Anthropometry KW - Asia KW - Bangladesh KW - Biology KW - Body Height--women KW - Body Weight--women KW - Child Mortality KW - Correlation Studies KW - Delivery Of Health Care KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Diseases KW - Economic Factors KW - Educational Status--women KW - Geographic Factors KW - Health KW - Health Services KW - Malnutrition--women KW - Maternal Health Services KW - Maternal Nutrition KW - Maternal-child Health Services KW - Measurement KW - Mortality KW - Nutrition KW - Nutrition Disorders KW - Nutrition Surveys KW - Physiology KW - Population KW - Population Dynamics KW - Prenatal Care KW - Primary Health Care KW - Research Methodology KW - Research Report KW - Slums KW - Social Class--women KW - Socioeconomic Factors KW - Socioeconomic Status KW - Southern Asia KW - Spatial Distribution KW - Statistical Studies KW - Studies KW - Urban Spatial Distribution KW - Urbanization SP - 349 EP - 57 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 48 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the levels and correlates of maternal nutritional status. DESIGN: Cross-sectional maternal weight, height, and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) data were correlated with sociodemographic data. SETTING: Slums of Dhaka, Bangladesh. SUBJECTS: Weight, height and MUAC were collected from a representative sample of 2417 nonpregnant mothers. Socioeconomic data such as age, education, religion and household economic status was collected from 2048 mothers; data on reproductive experiences such as number of pregnancies and number of children born alive now dead was available from 1314 mothers; and both sets of data from 1185 mothers. METHODS: Using weight, height, MUAC and body mass index (BMI) data, the levels of maternal nutritional status were estimated. Bivariate and multivariate relationships of maternal nutritional status with socioeconomic and reproductive experiences variables were examined. RESULTS: Mothers' mean weight, height, MUAC and BMI were 41.8 kg, 148.8 cm, 232.5 mm, and 18.8 respectively. In multivariate regression analyses, mothers' weight, BMI and MUAC were significantly positively correlated with mothers' years of schooling (P < 0.05) and household economic status (P < 0.01). Mothers' height was significantly positively correlated with years of schooling (P < 0.05), but not with household economic status. Maternal height and weight were significantly negatively correlated with number of child deaths (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest a possible inter-generational effect; thus, improvement of the nutritional status of girls of this generation would improve child survival in the next generation. This, however, will require complex and long-term planning. As an interim measure, shorter mothers should be targeted for appropriate antenatal and obstetric services. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8055851/Levels_and_correlates_of_maternal_nutritional_status_in_urban_Bangladesh_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -