Stereospecificity of trans-dihydrodiol oxidation by dimeric and monomeric dihydrodiol dehydrogenases from mammalian tissues.J Biochem. 1994 Mar; 115(3):493-6.JB
The stereochemical course in the enzymatic oxidation of trans-dihydrodiols of benzene and naphthalene by dimeric dihydrodiol dehydrogenase of monkey kidney was compared with that by monomeric dihydrodiol dehydrogenase of rat liver. The monkey kidney and rat liver enzymes each oxidized about half of the racemic dihydrodiol of benzene added to the reaction mixture, but almost all the substrate was disappeared in the reaction mixture containing both enzymes. The CD spectra of the unreacted dihydrodiols of benzene and naphthalene in reaction mixtures containing the rat liver enzyme showed the negative sign of Cotton effect, while those in reaction mixtures containing the monkey kidney enzyme gave the positive sign of Cotton effect. Thus, the monkey kidney dimeric enzyme selectively oxidized (-)-[1R,2R]-dihydrodiols of aromatic hydrocarbons, in contrast to the stereo-specificity of the rat liver enzyme for the (+)-[1S,2S]-isomers. The (+)-[1S,2S]- and (-)-[1R,2R]-dihydrodiols of benzene were separately prepared from the racemic form by using the two enzymes, and were used as substrates to determine the stereospecificity of dihydrodiol dehydrogenases from other mammalian tissues. The dimeric enzymes from pig liver and rabbit lens also exhibited specificity for the (-)-isomer, which was opposite to that of the monomeric enzymes from human and mouse liver, although aldehyde reductase and aldose reductase oxidized both (+)- and (-)-isomers.