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Internal/external locus of control, self-esteem, and parental verbal interaction of at-risk black male adolescents.
J Soc Psychol. 1994 Jun; 134(3):269-74.JS

Abstract

We investigated the relationship between three factors--internal/external locus of control, self-esteem, and parental verbal interaction--for at-risk Black male adolescents in the United States. Forty-two male students in Grades 6, 7, and 8 who had been identified by their teachers as being at risk completed the Locus of Control Scale for Children (Nowicki & Strickland, 1973), the Self-Esteem Inventory (Coopersmith, 1967), and the Verbal Interaction Questionnaire (Blake, 1991). A moderate positive relationship found between self-esteem and parental verbal interaction was consistent with a previous finding for White high school students. A moderate negative relationship found between locus of control and self-esteem differed from a previous finding of no significant relationship for Black elementary children. A weak, yet significant, negative relationship was found between locus of control and parental verbal interaction.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Educational Administration and Secondary Education, Arkansas State University.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8057628

Citation

Enger, J M., et al. "Internal/external Locus of Control, Self-esteem, and Parental Verbal Interaction of At-risk Black Male Adolescents." The Journal of Social Psychology, vol. 134, no. 3, 1994, pp. 269-74.
Enger JM, Howerton DL, Cobbs CR. Internal/external locus of control, self-esteem, and parental verbal interaction of at-risk black male adolescents. J Soc Psychol. 1994;134(3):269-74.
Enger, J. M., Howerton, D. L., & Cobbs, C. R. (1994). Internal/external locus of control, self-esteem, and parental verbal interaction of at-risk black male adolescents. The Journal of Social Psychology, 134(3), 269-74.
Enger JM, Howerton DL, Cobbs CR. Internal/external Locus of Control, Self-esteem, and Parental Verbal Interaction of At-risk Black Male Adolescents. J Soc Psychol. 1994;134(3):269-74. PubMed PMID: 8057628.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Internal/external locus of control, self-esteem, and parental verbal interaction of at-risk black male adolescents. AU - Enger,J M, AU - Howerton,D L, AU - Cobbs,C R, PY - 1994/6/1/pubmed PY - 1994/6/1/medline PY - 1994/6/1/entrez SP - 269 EP - 74 JF - The Journal of social psychology JO - J Soc Psychol VL - 134 IS - 3 N2 - We investigated the relationship between three factors--internal/external locus of control, self-esteem, and parental verbal interaction--for at-risk Black male adolescents in the United States. Forty-two male students in Grades 6, 7, and 8 who had been identified by their teachers as being at risk completed the Locus of Control Scale for Children (Nowicki & Strickland, 1973), the Self-Esteem Inventory (Coopersmith, 1967), and the Verbal Interaction Questionnaire (Blake, 1991). A moderate positive relationship found between self-esteem and parental verbal interaction was consistent with a previous finding for White high school students. A moderate negative relationship found between locus of control and self-esteem differed from a previous finding of no significant relationship for Black elementary children. A weak, yet significant, negative relationship was found between locus of control and parental verbal interaction. SN - 0022-4545 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8057628/Internal/external_locus_of_control_self_esteem_and_parental_verbal_interaction_of_at_risk_black_male_adolescents_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00224545.1994.9711730 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -