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Musculoskeletal disorders of female workers and ergonomics problems in five different industries of a developing country.
J Hum Ergol (Tokyo). 1993 Jun; 22(1):29-43.JH

Abstract

An ergonomics survey was carried out using interviews based on Standardized Nordic Questionnaires for evaluating musculoskeletal disorders of 1,000 female workers in five different industries in Thailand, viz. garment, fertilizer, pharmaceutical, textile, and cigarette. A checklist used in an ILO study for examining ergonomics problems was used for identifying ergonomics problems. The results show that about 50% of the female workers experienced a high prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in their lower backs, particularly the textile workers. The musculoskeletal symptoms of each body region were significant in each industry during the last year and the preceding 7 days (p < 0.05). Other ergonomics problems in the survey industries included heavy manual handling, prolonged sitting and standing, awkward work postures, poor machine design and operation, high repetitive and monotonous movements, poor work organization, and unsatisfactory working environments. Based on the results of this survey, it became obvious that ergonomics problems related to occupational health and safety of female workers seem to fall into three categories: (i) poor working practices and workplace programmes without sufficient knowledge of ergonomics principles, (ii) lack of adjustment to local population of imported machinery and equipment and their use, and (iii) lack of appropriate work organization. The findings demonstrate the need and the importance for ergonomics intervention in industrially developing country using low-cost improvements and appropriate training methods. It also indicates that research in ergonomics applications is needed, considering the specific characteristics of the industrially developing country.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Work Sciences, Luleå University, Sweden.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8064149

Citation

Chavalitsakulchai, P, and H Shahnavaz. "Musculoskeletal Disorders of Female Workers and Ergonomics Problems in Five Different Industries of a Developing Country." Journal of Human Ergology, vol. 22, no. 1, 1993, pp. 29-43.
Chavalitsakulchai P, Shahnavaz H. Musculoskeletal disorders of female workers and ergonomics problems in five different industries of a developing country. J Hum Ergol (Tokyo). 1993;22(1):29-43.
Chavalitsakulchai, P., & Shahnavaz, H. (1993). Musculoskeletal disorders of female workers and ergonomics problems in five different industries of a developing country. Journal of Human Ergology, 22(1), 29-43.
Chavalitsakulchai P, Shahnavaz H. Musculoskeletal Disorders of Female Workers and Ergonomics Problems in Five Different Industries of a Developing Country. J Hum Ergol (Tokyo). 1993;22(1):29-43. PubMed PMID: 8064149.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Musculoskeletal disorders of female workers and ergonomics problems in five different industries of a developing country. AU - Chavalitsakulchai,P, AU - Shahnavaz,H, PY - 1993/6/1/pubmed PY - 1993/6/1/medline PY - 1993/6/1/entrez SP - 29 EP - 43 JF - Journal of human ergology JO - J Hum Ergol (Tokyo) VL - 22 IS - 1 N2 - An ergonomics survey was carried out using interviews based on Standardized Nordic Questionnaires for evaluating musculoskeletal disorders of 1,000 female workers in five different industries in Thailand, viz. garment, fertilizer, pharmaceutical, textile, and cigarette. A checklist used in an ILO study for examining ergonomics problems was used for identifying ergonomics problems. The results show that about 50% of the female workers experienced a high prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in their lower backs, particularly the textile workers. The musculoskeletal symptoms of each body region were significant in each industry during the last year and the preceding 7 days (p < 0.05). Other ergonomics problems in the survey industries included heavy manual handling, prolonged sitting and standing, awkward work postures, poor machine design and operation, high repetitive and monotonous movements, poor work organization, and unsatisfactory working environments. Based on the results of this survey, it became obvious that ergonomics problems related to occupational health and safety of female workers seem to fall into three categories: (i) poor working practices and workplace programmes without sufficient knowledge of ergonomics principles, (ii) lack of adjustment to local population of imported machinery and equipment and their use, and (iii) lack of appropriate work organization. The findings demonstrate the need and the importance for ergonomics intervention in industrially developing country using low-cost improvements and appropriate training methods. It also indicates that research in ergonomics applications is needed, considering the specific characteristics of the industrially developing country. SN - 0300-8134 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8064149/Musculoskeletal_disorders_of_female_workers_and_ergonomics_problems_in_five_different_industries_of_a_developing_country_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -