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Facial growth in patients with bilateral cleft lip and palate: a cephalometric study.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 1994 May; 31(3):210-6.CP

Abstract

In this study, sagittal facial growth of bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP) patients between 6 and 20 years of age is analyzed. The data of Nijmegen were derived from 131 lateral cephalograms taken in 21 BCLP patients who were treated in the Cleft Lip and Palate Center of the University Hospital of Nijmegen. Reported data of 90 BCLP patients treated at the Center of Oslo were used as a reference for comparison. Results of this investigation showed mandibular growth to be similar in both centers. In the premaxillary region some differences were found: The Nijmegen patients presented a more protrusive premaxilla than those at Oslo. The upper front teeth and hence, the premaxilla, were more retroclined in the Nijmegen sample. There were also statistically significant differences in the soft tissue profile. The mean z-score was positive for the nasolabial angle and negative for the angle N'-Sn-Pg'. At 18 years of age, these differences are still apparent. In comparison with Broadbent's values of normal individuals, the SNPg-angle was smaller and the mandibular angle greater in Nijmegen and Oslo. The profiles of the BCLP patients are more convex in Nijmegen and more concave in Oslo than in the noncleft group. Finally, the different treatment strategies of the Cleft Lip and Palate Centers of Nijmegen and Oslo are compared and discussed in terms of their long-term results.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Orthodontics, University Hospital of Leuven, Belgium.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8068704

Citation

Heidbüchel, K L., et al. "Facial Growth in Patients With Bilateral Cleft Lip and Palate: a Cephalometric Study." The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association, vol. 31, no. 3, 1994, pp. 210-6.
Heidbüchel KL, Kuijpers-Jagtman AM, Freihofer HP. Facial growth in patients with bilateral cleft lip and palate: a cephalometric study. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 1994;31(3):210-6.
Heidbüchel, K. L., Kuijpers-Jagtman, A. M., & Freihofer, H. P. (1994). Facial growth in patients with bilateral cleft lip and palate: a cephalometric study. The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association, 31(3), 210-6.
Heidbüchel KL, Kuijpers-Jagtman AM, Freihofer HP. Facial Growth in Patients With Bilateral Cleft Lip and Palate: a Cephalometric Study. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 1994;31(3):210-6. PubMed PMID: 8068704.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Facial growth in patients with bilateral cleft lip and palate: a cephalometric study. AU - Heidbüchel,K L, AU - Kuijpers-Jagtman,A M, AU - Freihofer,H P, PY - 1994/5/1/pubmed PY - 1994/5/1/medline PY - 1994/5/1/entrez SP - 210 EP - 6 JF - The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association JO - Cleft Palate Craniofac J VL - 31 IS - 3 N2 - In this study, sagittal facial growth of bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP) patients between 6 and 20 years of age is analyzed. The data of Nijmegen were derived from 131 lateral cephalograms taken in 21 BCLP patients who were treated in the Cleft Lip and Palate Center of the University Hospital of Nijmegen. Reported data of 90 BCLP patients treated at the Center of Oslo were used as a reference for comparison. Results of this investigation showed mandibular growth to be similar in both centers. In the premaxillary region some differences were found: The Nijmegen patients presented a more protrusive premaxilla than those at Oslo. The upper front teeth and hence, the premaxilla, were more retroclined in the Nijmegen sample. There were also statistically significant differences in the soft tissue profile. The mean z-score was positive for the nasolabial angle and negative for the angle N'-Sn-Pg'. At 18 years of age, these differences are still apparent. In comparison with Broadbent's values of normal individuals, the SNPg-angle was smaller and the mandibular angle greater in Nijmegen and Oslo. The profiles of the BCLP patients are more convex in Nijmegen and more concave in Oslo than in the noncleft group. Finally, the different treatment strategies of the Cleft Lip and Palate Centers of Nijmegen and Oslo are compared and discussed in terms of their long-term results. SN - 1055-6656 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8068704/Facial_growth_in_patients_with_bilateral_cleft_lip_and_palate:_a_cephalometric_study_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -