Maternal insulin-like growth factor-I infusion alters feto-placental carbohydrate and protein metabolism in pregnant sheep.
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in the maternal circulation may have a role in the regulation of placental function and fetal growth, but its mechanisms of action are not known. We studied the effects of maternal IGF-I infusion (30 micrograms/kg.h for 4 h) in eight chronically catheterized pregnant sheep. IGF-I infusion caused an increase in fetal blood glucose concentrations, but no change in placental or fetal glucose uptake. Maternal plasma insulin concentrations fell. Placental lactate production increased by 56%, with most of this lactate taken up by the fetus. Maternal and fetal blood amino nitrogen concentrations fell, but fetal protein oxidation was unchanged. IGF-I infusion did not change feto-placental oxygenation, placental blood flow, or placental transfer by simple or facilitated diffusion. The metabolic effects of maternal IGF-I infusion in part oppose those of fetal IGF-I. We hypothesize that the balance of maternal and fetal IGF-I concentrations contributes to the regulation of substrate distribution between mother, placenta and fetus, and may thus mediate the nutritional regulation of fetal growth.
Research Center for Developmental Medicine and Biology, University of Auckland, New Zealand., ,
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Regional Blood Flow
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't