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LPS pretreatment protects from hepatic ischemia/reperfusion.
J Surg Res. 1994 Sep; 57(3):337-43.JS

Abstract

In vivo administration of nonlethal doses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to rodents can result in protection from subsequent lethal doses of endotoxin or LPS. We have previously demonstrated that hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) results in a TNF-dependent lung and liver injury and we postulated that pretreatment with sublethal concentrations of LPS prior to hepatic I/R could be protective from this injury. To test this hypothesis, five groups of rats were studied. LPS-I/R received 25 micrograms of LPS i.v. 24 hr prior to I/R, VEH-I/R received an equivalent volume of vehicle iv 24 hr prior to I/R, LPS-LPS received 25 micrograms of LPS i.v. 24 hr prior to sham laparotomy at which time an additional 25 micrograms of LPS was given i.v., VEH-LPS received an equivalent volume of vehicle 24 hr prior to sham laparotomy and 25 micrograms of LPS i.v. immediately prior to sham laparotomy, and SHAM consisted of sham-operated control animals. Peak plasma tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) levels occurred between 30 and 150 min of reperfusion: LPS-I/R = 778 +/- 150 pg/ml (n = 5), VEH-I/R = 145 +/- 46 pg/ml (n = 5), LPS-LPS = 970 +/- 716 pg/ml (n = 4), VEH-LPS = 15,949 +/- 10,937 (n = 5), and SHAM = 3 +/- 1 (n = 5). As previously demonstrated by other investigators, pretreatment with LPS decreases TNF release in response to a second dose of LPS; however, TNF release was increased following hepatic I/R in those animals pretreated with LPS (LPS-I/R vs VEH-I/R, P = 0.014).(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor 48109.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8072280

Citation

Colletti, L M., et al. "LPS Pretreatment Protects From Hepatic Ischemia/reperfusion." The Journal of Surgical Research, vol. 57, no. 3, 1994, pp. 337-43.
Colletti LM, Remick DG, Campbell DA. LPS pretreatment protects from hepatic ischemia/reperfusion. J Surg Res. 1994;57(3):337-43.
Colletti, L. M., Remick, D. G., & Campbell, D. A. (1994). LPS pretreatment protects from hepatic ischemia/reperfusion. The Journal of Surgical Research, 57(3), 337-43.
Colletti LM, Remick DG, Campbell DA. LPS Pretreatment Protects From Hepatic Ischemia/reperfusion. J Surg Res. 1994;57(3):337-43. PubMed PMID: 8072280.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - LPS pretreatment protects from hepatic ischemia/reperfusion. AU - Colletti,L M, AU - Remick,D G, AU - Campbell,D A,Jr PY - 1994/9/1/pubmed PY - 2001/3/28/medline PY - 1994/9/1/entrez SP - 337 EP - 43 JF - The Journal of surgical research JO - J Surg Res VL - 57 IS - 3 N2 - In vivo administration of nonlethal doses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to rodents can result in protection from subsequent lethal doses of endotoxin or LPS. We have previously demonstrated that hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) results in a TNF-dependent lung and liver injury and we postulated that pretreatment with sublethal concentrations of LPS prior to hepatic I/R could be protective from this injury. To test this hypothesis, five groups of rats were studied. LPS-I/R received 25 micrograms of LPS i.v. 24 hr prior to I/R, VEH-I/R received an equivalent volume of vehicle iv 24 hr prior to I/R, LPS-LPS received 25 micrograms of LPS i.v. 24 hr prior to sham laparotomy at which time an additional 25 micrograms of LPS was given i.v., VEH-LPS received an equivalent volume of vehicle 24 hr prior to sham laparotomy and 25 micrograms of LPS i.v. immediately prior to sham laparotomy, and SHAM consisted of sham-operated control animals. Peak plasma tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) levels occurred between 30 and 150 min of reperfusion: LPS-I/R = 778 +/- 150 pg/ml (n = 5), VEH-I/R = 145 +/- 46 pg/ml (n = 5), LPS-LPS = 970 +/- 716 pg/ml (n = 4), VEH-LPS = 15,949 +/- 10,937 (n = 5), and SHAM = 3 +/- 1 (n = 5). As previously demonstrated by other investigators, pretreatment with LPS decreases TNF release in response to a second dose of LPS; however, TNF release was increased following hepatic I/R in those animals pretreated with LPS (LPS-I/R vs VEH-I/R, P = 0.014).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) SN - 0022-4804 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8072280/LPS_pretreatment_protects_from_hepatic_ischemia/reperfusion_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022-4804(84)71152-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -