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The effects of therapeutic touch and relaxation therapy in reducing anxiety.

Abstract

This study examines the effects of two noninvasive procedures on experienced anxiety. Thirty-one inpatients of a Veterans Administration psychiatric facility were randomly assigned to one of two treatment conditions, (therapeutic touch and relaxation therapy) or to a therapeutic touch placebo condition. An additional 13 patients were excluded because of failure to meet criteria for the study or failure to complete the procedures. Each subject completed a self-report anxiety measure and was rated for amount of motor activity before and after each of two 15-minute treatment sessions in a 24-hour period. Subjects' belief in the effectiveness of the intervention was measured. Expectancy did not correlate with outcome and was not analyzed further. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) showed that whereas relaxation therapy provided significant reduction of anxiety on the self-report measure and the movement measure, the nursing intervention of therapeutic touch resulted in significant reductions of reported anxiety. The control group showed small but nonsignificant effects. Results suggests that both relaxation and therapeutic touch are effective palliatives to experienced anxiety. Implications for nursing theory are discussed.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Togus Veterans Administration Medical, ME.

    Source

    Archives of psychiatric nursing 8:3 1994 Jun pg 184-9

    MeSH

    Adult
    Aged
    Anxiety Disorders
    Humans
    Middle Aged
    Multivariate Analysis
    Patient Satisfaction
    Psychiatric Nursing
    Relaxation Therapy
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Touch

    Pub Type(s)

    Clinical Trial
    Journal Article
    Randomized Controlled Trial
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    8080307

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - The effects of therapeutic touch and relaxation therapy in reducing anxiety. AU - Gagne,D, AU - Toye,R C, PY - 1994/6/1/pubmed PY - 1994/6/1/medline PY - 1994/6/1/entrez SP - 184 EP - 9 JF - Archives of psychiatric nursing JO - Arch Psychiatr Nurs VL - 8 IS - 3 N2 - This study examines the effects of two noninvasive procedures on experienced anxiety. Thirty-one inpatients of a Veterans Administration psychiatric facility were randomly assigned to one of two treatment conditions, (therapeutic touch and relaxation therapy) or to a therapeutic touch placebo condition. An additional 13 patients were excluded because of failure to meet criteria for the study or failure to complete the procedures. Each subject completed a self-report anxiety measure and was rated for amount of motor activity before and after each of two 15-minute treatment sessions in a 24-hour period. Subjects' belief in the effectiveness of the intervention was measured. Expectancy did not correlate with outcome and was not analyzed further. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) showed that whereas relaxation therapy provided significant reduction of anxiety on the self-report measure and the movement measure, the nursing intervention of therapeutic touch resulted in significant reductions of reported anxiety. The control group showed small but nonsignificant effects. Results suggests that both relaxation and therapeutic touch are effective palliatives to experienced anxiety. Implications for nursing theory are discussed. SN - 0883-9417 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8080307/The_effects_of_therapeutic_touch_and_relaxation_therapy_in_reducing_anxiety_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/0883-9417(94)90052-3 ER -