APC and p53 mutations in de novo colorectal adenocarcinomas.Hum Mutat. 1994; 3(4):342-6.HM
To investigate genetic features in small and flat colorectal carcinomas that arise de novo, we searched for genetic alterations in six sporadic tumors by examining their APC, K-ras, and p53 genes. Two of the six tumors carried detectable mutations within the mutation cluster region (MCR) of the APC gene; both mutations were predicted to cause truncation of the gene product. Four tumors carried mutations of the p53 gene; three were missense mutations in exon 5, and the other was a 3-bp deletion in exon 6. However, neither codon 12 nor codon 13 of K-ras contained detectable mutation in any tumors. Hence, as "adenoma-carcinoma sequence" model of development of colorectal carcinoma, inactivation of the APC and p53 genes appear to be involved in development of the de novo type of colorectal carcinoma even though the adenoma stage is not observed.