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Dietary advice based on the glycaemic index improves dietary profile and metabolic control in type 2 diabetic patients.
Diabet Med. 1994 May; 11(4):397-401.DM

Abstract

The effect of dietary education incorporating information about the glycaemic index of carbohydrate was tested against standard dietary advice in a randomized controlled study in 51 newly diagnosed patients with Type 2 diabetes treated as out-patients with diet only over a 12-week study period. Outcome was assessed by dietary analysis of 3-day diet diaries, fasting blood glucose, fructosamine, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, and triglycerides. Dietary analysis indicated that the group who received low glycaemic advice not only had a significantly lower calculated mean diet glycaemic index intake (77 +/- 1.1 (SEM) vs 82 +/- 1%, p < 0.01) but also had a lower fat intake (25 +/- 1 vs 32 +/- 2% of total energy day-1, p < 0.001), a higher carbohydrate intake (49 +/- 2% vs 44 +/- 1% of total energy day-1, p < 0.05) and non-starch polysaccharide intake (21 +/- 1.5 vs 14 +/- 1 g, p < 0.01). There was a significantly greater within-group fall in fructosamine (3.8 +/- 0.2 to 3.2 +/- 0.2 mmol-1 vs 3.6 +/- 0.2 to 3.6 +/- 0.3 mmol-1, p < 0.05) and cholesterol (6.1 +/- 0.3 to 5.4 +/- 0.3 mmol-1 vs. 5.6 +/- 0.2 to 5.3 +/- 0.1 mmol-1, p < 0.05) in the low glycaemic index group.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dietetics, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8088113

Citation

Frost, G, et al. "Dietary Advice Based On the Glycaemic Index Improves Dietary Profile and Metabolic Control in Type 2 Diabetic Patients." Diabetic Medicine : a Journal of the British Diabetic Association, vol. 11, no. 4, 1994, pp. 397-401.
Frost G, Wilding J, Beecham J. Dietary advice based on the glycaemic index improves dietary profile and metabolic control in type 2 diabetic patients. Diabet Med. 1994;11(4):397-401.
Frost, G., Wilding, J., & Beecham, J. (1994). Dietary advice based on the glycaemic index improves dietary profile and metabolic control in type 2 diabetic patients. Diabetic Medicine : a Journal of the British Diabetic Association, 11(4), 397-401.
Frost G, Wilding J, Beecham J. Dietary Advice Based On the Glycaemic Index Improves Dietary Profile and Metabolic Control in Type 2 Diabetic Patients. Diabet Med. 1994;11(4):397-401. PubMed PMID: 8088113.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary advice based on the glycaemic index improves dietary profile and metabolic control in type 2 diabetic patients. AU - Frost,G, AU - Wilding,J, AU - Beecham,J, PY - 1994/5/1/pubmed PY - 1994/5/1/medline PY - 1994/5/1/entrez SP - 397 EP - 401 JF - Diabetic medicine : a journal of the British Diabetic Association JO - Diabet. Med. VL - 11 IS - 4 N2 - The effect of dietary education incorporating information about the glycaemic index of carbohydrate was tested against standard dietary advice in a randomized controlled study in 51 newly diagnosed patients with Type 2 diabetes treated as out-patients with diet only over a 12-week study period. Outcome was assessed by dietary analysis of 3-day diet diaries, fasting blood glucose, fructosamine, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, and triglycerides. Dietary analysis indicated that the group who received low glycaemic advice not only had a significantly lower calculated mean diet glycaemic index intake (77 +/- 1.1 (SEM) vs 82 +/- 1%, p < 0.01) but also had a lower fat intake (25 +/- 1 vs 32 +/- 2% of total energy day-1, p < 0.001), a higher carbohydrate intake (49 +/- 2% vs 44 +/- 1% of total energy day-1, p < 0.05) and non-starch polysaccharide intake (21 +/- 1.5 vs 14 +/- 1 g, p < 0.01). There was a significantly greater within-group fall in fructosamine (3.8 +/- 0.2 to 3.2 +/- 0.2 mmol-1 vs 3.6 +/- 0.2 to 3.6 +/- 0.3 mmol-1, p < 0.05) and cholesterol (6.1 +/- 0.3 to 5.4 +/- 0.3 mmol-1 vs. 5.6 +/- 0.2 to 5.3 +/- 0.1 mmol-1, p < 0.05) in the low glycaemic index group.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) SN - 0742-3071 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8088113/Dietary_advice_based_on_the_glycaemic_index_improves_dietary_profile_and_metabolic_control_in_type_2_diabetic_patients_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/bloodsugar.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -