Effect of moderate dietary protein restriction on the progression of overt diabetic nephropathy: a 6-mo prospective study.Am J Clin Nutr. 1994 Oct; 60(4):579-85.AJ
To assess whether moderate dietary protein restriction can delay the progression of overt diabetic nephropathy, 22 subjects with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus were randomly assigned to an unrestricted protein diet (> 1.6 g.kg body wt-1.d-1) or a moderately protein-restricted diet (0.8 g.kg body wt-1.d-1) and followed prospectively for six mo. Direct isotope methods were used to assess renal function. Protein intake was assessed by measurement of urinary urea nitrogen. The two groups were well-matched for age, sex, duration of diabetes, glycemic control, blood pressure, and degree of renal insufficiency. Patients consuming the unrestricted protein diet (n = 11) showed a progressive decline in glomerular filtration rate of 1.3 mL.min-1.mo-1 with no change in proteinuria. Patients consuming the moderately protein-restricted diet showed a marked decrease in the degree of proteinuria (2.15-1.13 g/d, P = 0.036) and a stabilization of glomerular filtration rate. This occurred independently of changes in blood pressure or glycemic control. Moderate dietary protein restriction can ameliorate progression of overt diabetic nephropathy.