Ability of a new infant formula prepared from partially hydrolyzed bovine whey to induce anaphylactic sensitization: evaluation in a guinea pig model.Allergy 1994; 49(5):361-4A
In the present study we evaluated the allergenicity and immunogenicity of a whey partially hydrolysate formula (PHF) in a guinea pig model. Nine groups of 10 guinea pigs received either a conventional milk formula (CMF) or PHF for 37 days. After intravenous (i.v.) challenge with either beta-lactoglobulin (beta-L) or ultracentrifuged (u)CMF, animals fed CMF showed, respectively, 80% and 100% fatal reactions, whereas animals fed PHF showed no reactions when i.v. challenged both with beta-L and uPHF. Eighty percent fatal reactions, and 10%, respectively, of severe and mild reactions have been observed in the CMF-fed, casein-challenge group. In contrast, only one (10%) mild reaction occurred in the PHF-fed, casein-challenged group. When challenged with u-pasteurized cow's milk (uPCM), CMF-fed animals showed 86% fatal reactions and 14% mild reactions, whereas PHF-fed ones presented 70% no reactions, 20% mild reactions, and one (10%) fatal reaction. Animals fed CMF showed a significantly higher level of specific IgG against cow's milk antigens than PHF-fed ones, which, however, presented higher levels of antibodies than a water-supplemented control group. The present results confirm that PHF is less sensitizing than CMF in a guinea pig model.