Expression of Epstein-Barr virus latent gene products and related cellular activation and adhesion molecules in Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas arising in patients without overt pre-existing immunodeficiency.Hum Pathol. 1993 Jul; 24(7):725-9.HP
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) recently has been associated with Hodgkin's disease (HD) and the EBV genome was found in CD30-positive Reed-Sternberg cells. Therefore, tissue sections from 25 cases of HD, 35 cases of CD30-positive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) (seven CD30-positive anaplastic large cell lymphomas [ALCLs] and 28 CD30-positive non-ALCLs), and 12 cases of CD30-negative NHL that previously had been screened for the presence of EBV by polymerase chain reaction and DNA in situ hybridization were studied by immunohistochemistry for the expression of the latent EBV proteins, latent membrane protein (LMP), and Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen-2 (EBNA-2). We also analyzed the expression of the B-cell activation molecule CD23 and the adhesion molecules LFA-1/CD11a and ICAM-1/CD54 because the upregulation of these molecules by LMP and/or EBNA-2 in vitro has been related to the EBV-induced lymphocyte growth. Latent membrane protein expression was found in Reed-Sternberg cells in nine of 25 cases (36%) of HD and in large, occasionally Reed-Sternberg-like tumor cells in six of 47 cases (12%) of NHL; these six tumors were CD30-positive, histologically high-grade NHL (one CD30-positive ALCL and five CD30-positive non-ALCLs). All the LMP-positive cases were also polymerase chain reaction EBV positive while LMP expression was not found in polymerase chain reaction EBV-negative HD and NHL. No staining for EBNA-2 was detected in our series. In view of the transforming potential of the LMP, these findings suggest that EBV may be associated with the development of some cases of HD and CD30-positive NHL. These findings also suggest a correlation between the expression of LMP and the detection of CD30 in tumor cells of HD and NHL. In contrast, no correlation was found between the expression of LMP and the detection of CD23, LFA-1/CD11a, and ICAM-1/CD54 in tumor cells of HD and NHL.