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Association between cigarette smoking, bacterial pathogens, and periodontal status.
J Periodontol. 1993 Dec; 64(12):1225-30.JP

Abstract

The purposes of this study were to determine if: 1) an association exists between cigarette smoking and signs of periodontal disease after controlling for the confounding variables of age, sex, plaque, and calculus; 2) the prevalence of 5 bacteria commonly associated with periodontal disease differs between smokers and non-smokers; and 3) the presence of any of these bacteria or smoking are associated with a mean proximal posterior probing depth > or = 3.5 mm. Plaque, calculus, gingivitis, and probing depth were measured at the proximal surfaces of all teeth in one randomly selected posterior dental sextant in 615 adults. Subgingival plaque was sampled from the same sites and assayed for the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Prevotella intermedia, Eikenella corrodens, and Fusobacterium nucleatum. A subsample of non-smokers (n = 126), who were similar to smokers (n = 63) with respect to age, sex, plaque, and calculus, was randomly drawn from the original sample. These two groups were then compared on the basis of clinical and microbial parameters. The results indicated that the odds of having a mean probing depth > or = 3.5 mm were 5 times greater for smokers than the non-smoker subsample (odds ratio = 5.3; 95% CI = 2.0 to 13.8). No statistically significant difference in the prevalence of any of the bacteria was found between smokers and the non-smoker subsample. Based on logistic regression analyses of each of the 5 bacteria and smoking, mean probing depth > or = 3.5 mm was significantly associated with the presence of A. actinomycetemcomitans, P. intermedia, E. corrodens, and smoking (P < 0.05).(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Clinical Research Center for Periodontal Diseases, University of Minnesota, School of Dentistry, Minneapolis.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8106950

Citation

Stoltenberg, J L., et al. "Association Between Cigarette Smoking, Bacterial Pathogens, and Periodontal Status." Journal of Periodontology, vol. 64, no. 12, 1993, pp. 1225-30.
Stoltenberg JL, Osborn JB, Pihlstrom BL, et al. Association between cigarette smoking, bacterial pathogens, and periodontal status. J Periodontol. 1993;64(12):1225-30.
Stoltenberg, J. L., Osborn, J. B., Pihlstrom, B. L., Herzberg, M. C., Aeppli, D. M., Wolff, L. F., & Fischer, G. E. (1993). Association between cigarette smoking, bacterial pathogens, and periodontal status. Journal of Periodontology, 64(12), 1225-30.
Stoltenberg JL, et al. Association Between Cigarette Smoking, Bacterial Pathogens, and Periodontal Status. J Periodontol. 1993;64(12):1225-30. PubMed PMID: 8106950.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association between cigarette smoking, bacterial pathogens, and periodontal status. AU - Stoltenberg,J L, AU - Osborn,J B, AU - Pihlstrom,B L, AU - Herzberg,M C, AU - Aeppli,D M, AU - Wolff,L F, AU - Fischer,G E, PY - 1993/12/1/pubmed PY - 1993/12/1/medline PY - 1993/12/1/entrez SP - 1225 EP - 30 JF - Journal of periodontology JO - J Periodontol VL - 64 IS - 12 N2 - The purposes of this study were to determine if: 1) an association exists between cigarette smoking and signs of periodontal disease after controlling for the confounding variables of age, sex, plaque, and calculus; 2) the prevalence of 5 bacteria commonly associated with periodontal disease differs between smokers and non-smokers; and 3) the presence of any of these bacteria or smoking are associated with a mean proximal posterior probing depth > or = 3.5 mm. Plaque, calculus, gingivitis, and probing depth were measured at the proximal surfaces of all teeth in one randomly selected posterior dental sextant in 615 adults. Subgingival plaque was sampled from the same sites and assayed for the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Prevotella intermedia, Eikenella corrodens, and Fusobacterium nucleatum. A subsample of non-smokers (n = 126), who were similar to smokers (n = 63) with respect to age, sex, plaque, and calculus, was randomly drawn from the original sample. These two groups were then compared on the basis of clinical and microbial parameters. The results indicated that the odds of having a mean probing depth > or = 3.5 mm were 5 times greater for smokers than the non-smoker subsample (odds ratio = 5.3; 95% CI = 2.0 to 13.8). No statistically significant difference in the prevalence of any of the bacteria was found between smokers and the non-smoker subsample. Based on logistic regression analyses of each of the 5 bacteria and smoking, mean probing depth > or = 3.5 mm was significantly associated with the presence of A. actinomycetemcomitans, P. intermedia, E. corrodens, and smoking (P < 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) SN - 0022-3492 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8106950/Association_between_cigarette_smoking_bacterial_pathogens_and_periodontal_status_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.1993.64.12.1225 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -