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A diet rich in monounsaturated rapeseed oil reduces the lipoprotein cholesterol concentration and increases the relative content of n-3 fatty acids in serum in hyperlipidemic subjects.
Am J Clin Nutr. 1994 Mar; 59(3):667-74.AJ

Abstract

The effects of 3 wk on a diet rich in monounsaturated rapeseed oil were compared with those of a diet containing sunflower oil within a lipid-lowering diet. Ninety-five subjects with moderate hyperlipoproteinemia were randomly assigned to one of the two well-controlled diets prepared at the hospital kitchen. Total serum, low-density- and high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations decreased by 15%, 16%, and 11% (P < 0.001), respectively, on the rapeseed oil diet and by 16%, 14%, and 13% (P < 0.001) on the sunflower oil diet. Serum triglycerides decreased more markedly (by 29%, P < 0.001) on the sunflower oil than on the rapeseed oil diet (14%, P < 0.01). The n-3 fatty acids (20:5 and 22:5) in the serum phospholipids increased significantly on the rapeseed oil diet but decreased on the sunflower oil diet. There was an increase in the alpha-tocopherol concentrations after both diets. The findings indicate that low erucic acid rapeseed oil can replace oils and fats rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids in a lipid-lowering diet.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Geriatrics, Uppsala University, Sweden.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8116547

Citation

Gustafsson, I B., et al. "A Diet Rich in Monounsaturated Rapeseed Oil Reduces the Lipoprotein Cholesterol Concentration and Increases the Relative Content of N-3 Fatty Acids in Serum in Hyperlipidemic Subjects." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 59, no. 3, 1994, pp. 667-74.
Gustafsson IB, Vessby B, Ohrvall M, et al. A diet rich in monounsaturated rapeseed oil reduces the lipoprotein cholesterol concentration and increases the relative content of n-3 fatty acids in serum in hyperlipidemic subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 1994;59(3):667-74.
Gustafsson, I. B., Vessby, B., Ohrvall, M., & Nydahl, M. (1994). A diet rich in monounsaturated rapeseed oil reduces the lipoprotein cholesterol concentration and increases the relative content of n-3 fatty acids in serum in hyperlipidemic subjects. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 59(3), 667-74.
Gustafsson IB, et al. A Diet Rich in Monounsaturated Rapeseed Oil Reduces the Lipoprotein Cholesterol Concentration and Increases the Relative Content of N-3 Fatty Acids in Serum in Hyperlipidemic Subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 1994;59(3):667-74. PubMed PMID: 8116547.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A diet rich in monounsaturated rapeseed oil reduces the lipoprotein cholesterol concentration and increases the relative content of n-3 fatty acids in serum in hyperlipidemic subjects. AU - Gustafsson,I B, AU - Vessby,B, AU - Ohrvall,M, AU - Nydahl,M, PY - 1994/3/1/pubmed PY - 1994/3/1/medline PY - 1994/3/1/entrez SP - 667 EP - 74 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am J Clin Nutr VL - 59 IS - 3 N2 - The effects of 3 wk on a diet rich in monounsaturated rapeseed oil were compared with those of a diet containing sunflower oil within a lipid-lowering diet. Ninety-five subjects with moderate hyperlipoproteinemia were randomly assigned to one of the two well-controlled diets prepared at the hospital kitchen. Total serum, low-density- and high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations decreased by 15%, 16%, and 11% (P < 0.001), respectively, on the rapeseed oil diet and by 16%, 14%, and 13% (P < 0.001) on the sunflower oil diet. Serum triglycerides decreased more markedly (by 29%, P < 0.001) on the sunflower oil than on the rapeseed oil diet (14%, P < 0.01). The n-3 fatty acids (20:5 and 22:5) in the serum phospholipids increased significantly on the rapeseed oil diet but decreased on the sunflower oil diet. There was an increase in the alpha-tocopherol concentrations after both diets. The findings indicate that low erucic acid rapeseed oil can replace oils and fats rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids in a lipid-lowering diet. SN - 0002-9165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8116547/A_diet_rich_in_monounsaturated_rapeseed_oil_reduces_the_lipoprotein_cholesterol_concentration_and_increases_the_relative_content_of_n_3_fatty_acids_in_serum_in_hyperlipidemic_subjects_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ajcn/59.3.667 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -