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Alcoholic beverage consumption in relation to risk of breast cancer: meta-analysis and review.

Abstract

The objective was to evaluate the association between alcohol consumption and risk of breast cancer. Data from 38 epidemiologic studies on alcohol consumption in relation to risk of breast cancer in women were included in a meta-analysis. A qualitative literature review also was conducted. The results showed strong evidence of a dose-response relation; however, the slope of the dose-response curve was quite modest. For example, daily consumption of one alcoholic drink was associated with an 11 percent increase (95 percent confidence interval, seven to 16 percent) in the risk of breast cancer compared with nondrinkers. An explanation for the marked variation in results across studies was not found. The modest size of the association and variation in results across studies leave the causal role of alcohol in question. The evidence that alcohol consumption affects the risk of breast cancer, however, appears to be growing stronger.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology, UCLA School of Public Health 90024-1772.

Source

Cancer causes & control : CCC 5:1 1994 Jan pg 73-82

MeSH

Alcohol Drinking
Bias
Breast Neoplasms
Case-Control Studies
Confidence Intervals
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Ethanol
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Linear Models
Multivariate Analysis
Risk Factors
Sensitivity and Specificity

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8123780

Citation

Longnecker, M P.. "Alcoholic Beverage Consumption in Relation to Risk of Breast Cancer: Meta-analysis and Review." Cancer Causes & Control : CCC, vol. 5, no. 1, 1994, pp. 73-82.
Longnecker MP. Alcoholic beverage consumption in relation to risk of breast cancer: meta-analysis and review. Cancer Causes Control. 1994;5(1):73-82.
Longnecker, M. P. (1994). Alcoholic beverage consumption in relation to risk of breast cancer: meta-analysis and review. Cancer Causes & Control : CCC, 5(1), pp. 73-82.
Longnecker MP. Alcoholic Beverage Consumption in Relation to Risk of Breast Cancer: Meta-analysis and Review. Cancer Causes Control. 1994;5(1):73-82. PubMed PMID: 8123780.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Alcoholic beverage consumption in relation to risk of breast cancer: meta-analysis and review. A1 - Longnecker,M P, PY - 1994/1/1/pubmed PY - 1994/1/1/medline PY - 1994/1/1/entrez SP - 73 EP - 82 JF - Cancer causes & control : CCC JO - Cancer Causes Control VL - 5 IS - 1 N2 - The objective was to evaluate the association between alcohol consumption and risk of breast cancer. Data from 38 epidemiologic studies on alcohol consumption in relation to risk of breast cancer in women were included in a meta-analysis. A qualitative literature review also was conducted. The results showed strong evidence of a dose-response relation; however, the slope of the dose-response curve was quite modest. For example, daily consumption of one alcoholic drink was associated with an 11 percent increase (95 percent confidence interval, seven to 16 percent) in the risk of breast cancer compared with nondrinkers. An explanation for the marked variation in results across studies was not found. The modest size of the association and variation in results across studies leave the causal role of alcohol in question. The evidence that alcohol consumption affects the risk of breast cancer, however, appears to be growing stronger. SN - 0957-5243 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8123780/full_citation L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/960 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -