Selective T cell depletion of donor allogeneic marrow with anti-CD6 monoclonal antibody: rationale and results.Bone Marrow Transplant. 1993; 12 Suppl 3:S7-10.BM
Acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) are responsible for a significant fraction of the morbidity and mortality of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Attempts to reduce the incidence of GVHD by exhaustive T cell depletion of donor marrow have frequently been associated with an increase in graft failure and disease relapse. For the past 10 years, we have evaluated the use of a monoclonal antibody (T12) that selectively targets the CD6 determinant on mature T cells. 171 patients with hematologic malignancies have received donor marrow depleted of mature T cells with anti-CD6 and rabbit complement. Initial engraftment in recipients of HLA-matched marrow has been > 98% with 96% of patients showing stable hematologic reconstitution. The incidence of acute GVHD in this population was only 15%. Chronic GVHD has developed in 5% of patients. Overall, transplant-related mortality was 17%. Examination of peripheral blood lymphocyte reconstitution in the early post-BMT period has been helpful in predicting which patients will ultimately go on to develop GVHD. Treatment of recipients of CD6 depleted marrow with low doses of interleukin-2 post-BMT can expand the number of circulating NK cells and may be associated with a decrease in disease relapse rate.