Nutritional status of preschool children in poor rural areas of China.Bull World Health Organ. 1994; 72(1):105-12.BW
Described are the main findings of the first large-scale nutrition monitoring project carried out over a 4-year period in China. The nutritional status of nearly 10,000 preschool children in 18 comparatively poor rural areas in seven provinces was followed each year over the period 1986-89 in order to identify their major nutritional problems and improve their growth and development. Physical measurements were made and dietary surveys and biochemical tests were performed on a subsample of the children. The proportion of stunted and underweight children was far higher than the national average. Based on the possibilities offered by local circumstances, the prevalences of stunting and underweight were lowered and anaemia was greatly reduced. Along with the progress in nutrition monitoring, major efforts were made to train health workers, as well as to encourage increased production of green vegetables, poultry, and small livestock. The wealth of information collected and the experience gained may serve as a baseline record, the project currently being expanded to cover 100 counties throughout China.