Purification of normal and inactive galactosemic galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase from human red cells.J Biol Chem. 1976 Feb 25; 251(4):1057-63.JB
A rapid method is described for the purification of galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (EC 22.214.171.124) from human red blood cells by the use of DEAE-cellulose and two steps of affinity chromatography on a "uridine-aminohexyl" agarose column. The enzyme consists of two identical subunits of 31,000 molecular weight as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Chromatography on Sephadex G-200 chromatography gave a molecular weight of 69,000 for the native enzyme, it being eluted from the column with bovine serum albumin. Cross-linking of the enzyme with dimethylsuberimidate followed by analysis of the products by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis caused the near-disappearance of the 31,000 molecular weight subunit and the appearance of a protein with a molecular weight of about 65,000 without the appearance of higher polymers.