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Treatment of Parkinson's disease. From theory to practice.
Postgrad Med. 1994 Apr; 95(5):52-4, 57-8, 61-4 passim.PM

Abstract

Parkinson's disease responds rather dramatically to levodopa therapy during the first several years of treatment. With advancing disease, however, symptom control becomes more erratic, and some symptoms may become refractory to treatment. The use of selegiline hydrochloride (Eldepryl) has been proposed to slow the progression of Parkinson's disease; however, current evidence suggests that it is only partially effective at best, and there is no definite proof of a neuroprotective effect. Nonetheless, it is a reasonable treatment choice. Carbidopa-levodopa (Sinemet) remains the foundation of symptomatic treatment of Parkinson's disease. Clinical fluctuations occurring with advancing disease may be at least partially controlled by appropriate adjustments in dosage. A direct-acting dopamine agonist, bromocriptine mesylate (Parlodel) or pergolide mesylate (Permax), can be very helpful as adjunctive therapy to smooth these clinical fluctuations. Excessive intracellular oxidative stress has been proposed as a cause of Parkinson's disease; however, a recent multicenter trial investigating the use of high doses of the antioxidant vitamin E showed it to be ineffective. Whether other forms of nonspecific antioxidant therapy will prove beneficial is open to speculation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8153048

Citation

Ahlskog, J E.. "Treatment of Parkinson's Disease. From Theory to Practice." Postgraduate Medicine, vol. 95, no. 5, 1994, 52-4, 57-8, 61-4 passim.
Ahlskog JE. Treatment of Parkinson's disease. From theory to practice. Postgrad Med. 1994;95(5):52-4, 57-8, 61-4 passim.
Ahlskog, J. E. (1994). Treatment of Parkinson's disease. From theory to practice. Postgraduate Medicine, 95(5), 52-4, 57-8, 61-4 passim.
Ahlskog JE. Treatment of Parkinson's Disease. From Theory to Practice. Postgrad Med. 1994;95(5):52-4, 57-8, 61-4 passim. PubMed PMID: 8153048.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Treatment of Parkinson's disease. From theory to practice. A1 - Ahlskog,J E, PY - 1994/4/1/pubmed PY - 1994/4/1/medline PY - 1994/4/1/entrez SP - 52-4, 57-8, 61-4 passim JF - Postgraduate medicine JO - Postgrad Med VL - 95 IS - 5 N2 - Parkinson's disease responds rather dramatically to levodopa therapy during the first several years of treatment. With advancing disease, however, symptom control becomes more erratic, and some symptoms may become refractory to treatment. The use of selegiline hydrochloride (Eldepryl) has been proposed to slow the progression of Parkinson's disease; however, current evidence suggests that it is only partially effective at best, and there is no definite proof of a neuroprotective effect. Nonetheless, it is a reasonable treatment choice. Carbidopa-levodopa (Sinemet) remains the foundation of symptomatic treatment of Parkinson's disease. Clinical fluctuations occurring with advancing disease may be at least partially controlled by appropriate adjustments in dosage. A direct-acting dopamine agonist, bromocriptine mesylate (Parlodel) or pergolide mesylate (Permax), can be very helpful as adjunctive therapy to smooth these clinical fluctuations. Excessive intracellular oxidative stress has been proposed as a cause of Parkinson's disease; however, a recent multicenter trial investigating the use of high doses of the antioxidant vitamin E showed it to be ineffective. Whether other forms of nonspecific antioxidant therapy will prove beneficial is open to speculation. SN - 0032-5481 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8153048/Treatment_of_Parkinson's_disease__From_theory_to_practice_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/parkinsonsdisease.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -