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Epidemiology of varicose veins.

Abstract

Assessment and treatment of varicose veins comprises a significant part of the surgical workload. In the UK, National Health Service waiting lists suggest that there is still considerable unmet need. This review analyses all published data on the epidemiology of varicose veins, paying particular regard to the differing epidemiological terminology, populations sampled, assessment methods and varicose vein definitions, which account for much of the variation in literature reports. Half of the adult population have minor stigmata of venous disease (women 50-55 per cent; men 40-50 per cent) but fewer than half of these will have visible varicose veins (women 20-25 per cent; men 10-15 per cent). The data suggest that female sex, increased age, pregnancy, geographical site and race are risk factors for varicose veins; there is no hard evidence that family history or occupation are factors. Obesity does not appear to carry any excess risk. Accurate prevalence data allow provision of appropriate resources or at least aid rational debate if demand is greater than the resources available.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    Department of Surgery, Bedford General Hospital, U.K.

    Source

    The British journal of surgery 81:2 1994 Feb pg 167-73

    MeSH

    Age Factors
    Continental Population Groups
    Epidemiologic Methods
    Family Health
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Obesity
    Occupational Diseases
    Pregnancy
    Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular
    Prevalence
    Risk Factors
    Sex Factors
    Varicose Veins

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    8156326

    Citation

    Callam, M J.. "Epidemiology of Varicose Veins." The British Journal of Surgery, vol. 81, no. 2, 1994, pp. 167-73.
    Callam MJ. Epidemiology of varicose veins. Br J Surg. 1994;81(2):167-73.
    Callam, M. J. (1994). Epidemiology of varicose veins. The British Journal of Surgery, 81(2), pp. 167-73.
    Callam MJ. Epidemiology of Varicose Veins. Br J Surg. 1994;81(2):167-73. PubMed PMID: 8156326.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Epidemiology of varicose veins. A1 - Callam,M J, PY - 1994/2/1/pubmed PY - 1994/2/1/medline PY - 1994/2/1/entrez SP - 167 EP - 73 JF - The British journal of surgery JO - Br J Surg VL - 81 IS - 2 N2 - Assessment and treatment of varicose veins comprises a significant part of the surgical workload. In the UK, National Health Service waiting lists suggest that there is still considerable unmet need. This review analyses all published data on the epidemiology of varicose veins, paying particular regard to the differing epidemiological terminology, populations sampled, assessment methods and varicose vein definitions, which account for much of the variation in literature reports. Half of the adult population have minor stigmata of venous disease (women 50-55 per cent; men 40-50 per cent) but fewer than half of these will have visible varicose veins (women 20-25 per cent; men 10-15 per cent). The data suggest that female sex, increased age, pregnancy, geographical site and race are risk factors for varicose veins; there is no hard evidence that family history or occupation are factors. Obesity does not appear to carry any excess risk. Accurate prevalence data allow provision of appropriate resources or at least aid rational debate if demand is greater than the resources available. SN - 0007-1323 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8156326/full_citation L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0007-1323&date=1994&volume=81&issue=2&spage=167 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -