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Lifestyle and the use of health services.

Abstract

In 1976, 27,766 Seventh-day Adventists answered questions on diet, medications, use of health services, and prevalence of disease. Approximately 55% (n = 15,228) were vegetarians. Compared with vegetarian females, nonvegetarian females reported significantly more overnight hospitalizations and surgeries during the past year and nonvegetarian males reported more overnight hospitalizations and x-rays. The average numbers of chronic diseases were 1.24 in nonvegetarian females and 1.03 in vegetarian females compared with 0.93 and 0.79 in nonvegetarian and vegetarian males, respectively. Nonvegetarian females also reported more chemical allergy (rate ratio (RR) = 1.30), asthma (RR = 1.24), drug allergy (RR = 1.17), beesting allergy (RR = 1.17), and hayfever (RR = 1.15). Only chemical and drug allergy were more prevalent in nonvegetarian males. Medication use was increased by 70-115% in nonvegetarian females and more than doubled in nonvegetarian males. We conclude that a vegetarian diet may decrease the prevalence of chronic disease, medication use, and health service use, and thus, potentially, health care costs.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    Center for Health Research, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, CA 92350.

    Source

    The American journal of clinical nutrition 59:5 Suppl 1994 05 pg 1171S-1175S

    MeSH

    Chronic Disease
    Diet, Vegetarian
    Drug Therapy
    Female
    Health Care Costs
    Health Services
    Hospitalization
    Humans
    Hypersensitivity
    Life Style
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Surgical Procedures, Operative

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    8172119

    Citation

    Knutsen, S F.. "Lifestyle and the Use of Health Services." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 59, no. 5 Suppl, 1994, 1171S-1175S.
    Knutsen SF. Lifestyle and the use of health services. Am J Clin Nutr. 1994;59(5 Suppl):1171S-1175S.
    Knutsen, S. F. (1994). Lifestyle and the use of health services. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 59(5 Suppl), 1171S-1175S. doi:10.1093/ajcn/59.5.1171S.
    Knutsen SF. Lifestyle and the Use of Health Services. Am J Clin Nutr. 1994;59(5 Suppl):1171S-1175S. PubMed PMID: 8172119.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Lifestyle and the use of health services. A1 - Knutsen,S F, PY - 1994/5/1/pubmed PY - 1994/5/1/medline PY - 1994/5/1/entrez SP - 1171S EP - 1175S JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am. J. Clin. Nutr. VL - 59 IS - 5 Suppl N2 - In 1976, 27,766 Seventh-day Adventists answered questions on diet, medications, use of health services, and prevalence of disease. Approximately 55% (n = 15,228) were vegetarians. Compared with vegetarian females, nonvegetarian females reported significantly more overnight hospitalizations and surgeries during the past year and nonvegetarian males reported more overnight hospitalizations and x-rays. The average numbers of chronic diseases were 1.24 in nonvegetarian females and 1.03 in vegetarian females compared with 0.93 and 0.79 in nonvegetarian and vegetarian males, respectively. Nonvegetarian females also reported more chemical allergy (rate ratio (RR) = 1.30), asthma (RR = 1.24), drug allergy (RR = 1.17), beesting allergy (RR = 1.17), and hayfever (RR = 1.15). Only chemical and drug allergy were more prevalent in nonvegetarian males. Medication use was increased by 70-115% in nonvegetarian females and more than doubled in nonvegetarian males. We conclude that a vegetarian diet may decrease the prevalence of chronic disease, medication use, and health service use, and thus, potentially, health care costs. SN - 0002-9165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8172119/full_citation L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ajcn/59.5.1171S DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -