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5-A-DAY: dietary behavior and the fruit and vegetable intake of Latino children.
Am J Public Health 1994; 84(5):814-8AJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The purpose of the study was to examine children's intake of fruits and vegetables in relation to the recent national "5-A-DAY" campaign.

METHODS

Four 24-hour dietary recalls per child collected from 205 mothers of 4- to 5-year-old urban Latino children were used to analyze average 5-A-DAY fruit and vegetable consumption and examine associations between 5-A-DAY consumption, nutrient intakes, and eating patterns.

RESULTS

The reported mean servings per day of fruits and vegetables, as defined by 5-A-DAY criteria, were 1.8 and 1.0, respectively, with only 6.8% (n = 14) of the children averaging five or more servings per day. Fruit juice accounted for 36% of 5-A-DAY servings. There were significant linear trends in intake of vitamins A and C, potassium, iron, cholesterol, protein, and fiber across quintiles of 5-A-DAY intake. There were no differences among quintiles in intake of saturated or total fat or in servings from most non-5-A-DAY food groups.

CONCLUSIONS

Latino children's intake of fruits and vegetables falls far short of current recommendations. Fruit juice accounted for a disproportionate amount of 5-A-DAY intake in this population. Sensible 5-A-DAY interventions should take into consideration the existing eating patterns of the target population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Health Promotion, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York City, NY 10027.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8179054

Citation

Basch, C E., et al. "5-A-DAY: Dietary Behavior and the Fruit and Vegetable Intake of Latino Children." American Journal of Public Health, vol. 84, no. 5, 1994, pp. 814-8.
Basch CE, Zybert P, Shea S. 5-A-DAY: dietary behavior and the fruit and vegetable intake of Latino children. Am J Public Health. 1994;84(5):814-8.
Basch, C. E., Zybert, P., & Shea, S. (1994). 5-A-DAY: dietary behavior and the fruit and vegetable intake of Latino children. American Journal of Public Health, 84(5), pp. 814-8.
Basch CE, Zybert P, Shea S. 5-A-DAY: Dietary Behavior and the Fruit and Vegetable Intake of Latino Children. Am J Public Health. 1994;84(5):814-8. PubMed PMID: 8179054.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - 5-A-DAY: dietary behavior and the fruit and vegetable intake of Latino children. AU - Basch,C E, AU - Zybert,P, AU - Shea,S, PY - 1994/5/1/pubmed PY - 1994/5/1/medline PY - 1994/5/1/entrez SP - 814 EP - 8 JF - American journal of public health JO - Am J Public Health VL - 84 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to examine children's intake of fruits and vegetables in relation to the recent national "5-A-DAY" campaign. METHODS: Four 24-hour dietary recalls per child collected from 205 mothers of 4- to 5-year-old urban Latino children were used to analyze average 5-A-DAY fruit and vegetable consumption and examine associations between 5-A-DAY consumption, nutrient intakes, and eating patterns. RESULTS: The reported mean servings per day of fruits and vegetables, as defined by 5-A-DAY criteria, were 1.8 and 1.0, respectively, with only 6.8% (n = 14) of the children averaging five or more servings per day. Fruit juice accounted for 36% of 5-A-DAY servings. There were significant linear trends in intake of vitamins A and C, potassium, iron, cholesterol, protein, and fiber across quintiles of 5-A-DAY intake. There were no differences among quintiles in intake of saturated or total fat or in servings from most non-5-A-DAY food groups. CONCLUSIONS: Latino children's intake of fruits and vegetables falls far short of current recommendations. Fruit juice accounted for a disproportionate amount of 5-A-DAY intake in this population. Sensible 5-A-DAY interventions should take into consideration the existing eating patterns of the target population. SN - 0090-0036 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8179054/5_A_DAY:_dietary_behavior_and_the_fruit_and_vegetable_intake_of_Latino_children_ L2 - http://www.ajph.org/doi/full/10.2105/ajph.84.5.814?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -