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Urinary stone disease in Tanzania: an insight into the magnitude of the problem.
East Afr Med J. 1993 Sep; 70(9):565-7.EA

Abstract

Urolithiasis is generally said to be rare in Africans. Detailed studies of the condition are few in our region. This 2 year prospective study at Muhimbili Medical Centre identified 77 adult patients with urinary stones. Males were affected 3 times more commonly than females and most patients were in the young productive age group. Many patients reached hospital several months or years after the onset of symptoms. However, as in industrial countries, upper urinary tract stones were predominant. Involved kidneys suffered serious damage especially in the presence of obstruction and infection. The only available treatment was outmoded surgery, and long delays were inevitable in the face of overstretched resources, resulting in the sacrifice of kidneys. Urolithiasis is probably not nearly as uncommon as we have been led to believe from impressions and retrospective studies of incomplete records. Therefore, there is a need for more research on the problem in our region.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Surgery, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8181437

Citation

Mkony, C A.. "Urinary Stone Disease in Tanzania: an Insight Into the Magnitude of the Problem." East African Medical Journal, vol. 70, no. 9, 1993, pp. 565-7.
Mkony CA. Urinary stone disease in Tanzania: an insight into the magnitude of the problem. East Afr Med J. 1993;70(9):565-7.
Mkony, C. A. (1993). Urinary stone disease in Tanzania: an insight into the magnitude of the problem. East African Medical Journal, 70(9), 565-7.
Mkony CA. Urinary Stone Disease in Tanzania: an Insight Into the Magnitude of the Problem. East Afr Med J. 1993;70(9):565-7. PubMed PMID: 8181437.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Urinary stone disease in Tanzania: an insight into the magnitude of the problem. A1 - Mkony,C A, PY - 1993/9/1/pubmed PY - 1993/9/1/medline PY - 1993/9/1/entrez SP - 565 EP - 7 JF - East African medical journal JO - East Afr Med J VL - 70 IS - 9 N2 - Urolithiasis is generally said to be rare in Africans. Detailed studies of the condition are few in our region. This 2 year prospective study at Muhimbili Medical Centre identified 77 adult patients with urinary stones. Males were affected 3 times more commonly than females and most patients were in the young productive age group. Many patients reached hospital several months or years after the onset of symptoms. However, as in industrial countries, upper urinary tract stones were predominant. Involved kidneys suffered serious damage especially in the presence of obstruction and infection. The only available treatment was outmoded surgery, and long delays were inevitable in the face of overstretched resources, resulting in the sacrifice of kidneys. Urolithiasis is probably not nearly as uncommon as we have been led to believe from impressions and retrospective studies of incomplete records. Therefore, there is a need for more research on the problem in our region. SN - 0012-835X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8181437/Urinary_stone_disease_in_Tanzania:_an_insight_into_the_magnitude_of_the_problem_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -