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Knowledge and management of malaria in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
East Afr Med J. 1993 Oct; 70(10):639-42.EA

Abstract

A study of knowledge and management of malaria was undertaken prospectively in 20 dispensaries, 20 drug stores, 120 patients attending dispensaries and 120 customers at drug stores in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. This was a descriptive study where two different questionnaires were developed and administered to the target groups in oral interview. All the respondents were aged 14 years and above. The results of the interview showed that the knowledge of rural medical aides (RMA's) on signs and symptoms of malaria and which drugs cure malaria was satisfactory. However, only 65% of the RMA's could remember the correct dose of chloroquine for an adult. Although the knowledge of drug sellers on signs and symptoms of malaria was adequate, 45% of them did not know the correct dose of chloroquine. In view of the fact that only 30% of patients and 20% of shoppers knew the correct dose of chloroquine for adults, it appears that their management of malaria is inadequate. To improve the management of malaria at dispensary and drug store level, there is a need to introduce treatment charts and/or guidelines and the Ministry of Health should promote health education to the public.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University College of Health Sciences, Muhimbili Medical Centre, Accra, Ghana.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8187661

Citation

Massele, A Y., et al. "Knowledge and Management of Malaria in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania." East African Medical Journal, vol. 70, no. 10, 1993, pp. 639-42.
Massele AY, Sayi J, Nsimba SE, et al. Knowledge and management of malaria in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. East Afr Med J. 1993;70(10):639-42.
Massele, A. Y., Sayi, J., Nsimba, S. E., Ofori-Adjei, D., & Laing, R. O. (1993). Knowledge and management of malaria in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. East African Medical Journal, 70(10), 639-42.
Massele AY, et al. Knowledge and Management of Malaria in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. East Afr Med J. 1993;70(10):639-42. PubMed PMID: 8187661.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Knowledge and management of malaria in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. AU - Massele,A Y, AU - Sayi,J, AU - Nsimba,S E, AU - Ofori-Adjei,D, AU - Laing,R O, PY - 1993/10/1/pubmed PY - 1993/10/1/medline PY - 1993/10/1/entrez KW - Africa KW - Africa South Of The Sahara KW - Data Collection KW - Delivery Of Health Care KW - Developing Countries KW - Diseases KW - Drugs--administraction and dosage KW - Eastern Africa KW - English Speaking Africa KW - Health KW - Health Personnel KW - Interviews KW - Knowledge KW - Malaria--prevention and control KW - Paramedical Personnel KW - Parasitic Diseases KW - Pharmacists KW - Research Methodology KW - Research Report KW - Sampling Studies KW - Signs And Symptoms KW - Studies KW - Surveys KW - Tanzania KW - Treatment SP - 639 EP - 42 JF - East African medical journal JO - East Afr Med J VL - 70 IS - 10 N2 - A study of knowledge and management of malaria was undertaken prospectively in 20 dispensaries, 20 drug stores, 120 patients attending dispensaries and 120 customers at drug stores in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. This was a descriptive study where two different questionnaires were developed and administered to the target groups in oral interview. All the respondents were aged 14 years and above. The results of the interview showed that the knowledge of rural medical aides (RMA's) on signs and symptoms of malaria and which drugs cure malaria was satisfactory. However, only 65% of the RMA's could remember the correct dose of chloroquine for an adult. Although the knowledge of drug sellers on signs and symptoms of malaria was adequate, 45% of them did not know the correct dose of chloroquine. In view of the fact that only 30% of patients and 20% of shoppers knew the correct dose of chloroquine for adults, it appears that their management of malaria is inadequate. To improve the management of malaria at dispensary and drug store level, there is a need to introduce treatment charts and/or guidelines and the Ministry of Health should promote health education to the public. SN - 0012-835X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8187661/Knowledge_and_management_of_malaria_in_Dar_es_Salaam_Tanzania_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/4415 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -