Urinary calcium oxalate saturation in 'stone formers' and normal subjects: an application of the EQUIL2 program.Br J Urol. 1994 Apr; 73(4):358-61.BJ
To produce an index of lithogenic risk which identifies patients at risk of stone recurrence and facilitates the monitoring of prophylactic treatments.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
The EQUIL2 program provides an evaluation of the state of urinary saturation, particularly of calcium oxalate, based on the pH and total concentrations (mmol/l) of sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, uric acid, chloride, ammonium, citrate, phosphate, sulphate, oxalate, pyrophosphate and carbon dioxide. The morning urinary calcium oxalate saturation coefficient was thus calculated for 30 stone-formers (Group 1) and 30 normal control subjects (Group 2).
Urine from the majority of individuals was saturated, with no significant difference between the two groups. There appeared to be a correlation between the state of saturation and the urinary calcium oxalate molar product in both stone-formers (r = 0.931) and controls (r = 0.914).
In future studies on urinary calcium oxalate saturation, it should be possible to supplement the sophisticated coefficient determined by the EQUIL2 program with the molar product, except in cases where monitoring therapies have little or no effect on urinary oxalate or urinary calcium levels.