Regulation of replication of plasmid pBR322 in amino acid-starved Escherichia coli strains.Mol Gen Genet. 1994 May 25; 243(4):374-8.MG
The stringent response causes inhibition of replication of plasmid pBR322 in amino acid-starved Escherichia coli cells whereas in relaxed mutants the replication of this plasmid proceeds for several hours. On the basis of density shift experiments and pulse-labelling experiments we showed that most of the pBR322 molecules begin replication during the relaxed response and the rate of plasmid DNA synthesis in unstarved and isoleucine-starved relA- bacteria is similar. We found that the Rom function plays a key role in the stringent control of plasmid pBR322 replication, as insertional inactivation of the rom gene causes amplification of pBR322rom- in both relA- and relA+ strains during amino acid starvation. Moreover, pUC19, which is a pBR322-derived plasmid lacking the rom gene, behaves like pBR322rom-, whereas introduction of the rom gene into the pUC19 replicon drives it into the pBR322 mode of replication in amino acid-starved bacteria. A model for the regulation of pBR322 plasmid DNA replication by Rom protein in amino acid-starved Escherichia coli strains is proposed.