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Emergency treatment of adder bites: case reports and literature review.
Arch Emerg Med. 1993 Sep; 10(3):239-43.AE

Abstract

Five cases of adder bites are presented. The clinical effects and current recommendations for the treatment of adder bites are described based on a review of previously published literature. All adder bites, or snake bites of unknown species, should be observed for a minimum of 2 h. Those with no local swelling may be allowed home with appropriate antitetanus prophylaxis. Patients with local reaction or signs of systemic envenoming should be admitted for 48 h with ECG monitoring, and antivenom obtained. Indications and precautions for administration of antivenom are reviewed. Early antivenom treatment may reduce mortality and morbidity from adder bites.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Accident & Emergency Medicine, Basingstoke District Hospital, Hampshire.

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8216603

Citation

Harborne, D J.. "Emergency Treatment of Adder Bites: Case Reports and Literature Review." Archives of Emergency Medicine, vol. 10, no. 3, 1993, pp. 239-43.
Harborne DJ. Emergency treatment of adder bites: case reports and literature review. Arch Emerg Med. 1993;10(3):239-43.
Harborne, D. J. (1993). Emergency treatment of adder bites: case reports and literature review. Archives of Emergency Medicine, 10(3), 239-43.
Harborne DJ. Emergency Treatment of Adder Bites: Case Reports and Literature Review. Arch Emerg Med. 1993;10(3):239-43. PubMed PMID: 8216603.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Emergency treatment of adder bites: case reports and literature review. A1 - Harborne,D J, PY - 1993/9/1/pubmed PY - 1993/9/1/medline PY - 1993/9/1/entrez SP - 239 EP - 43 JF - Archives of emergency medicine JO - Arch Emerg Med VL - 10 IS - 3 N2 - Five cases of adder bites are presented. The clinical effects and current recommendations for the treatment of adder bites are described based on a review of previously published literature. All adder bites, or snake bites of unknown species, should be observed for a minimum of 2 h. Those with no local swelling may be allowed home with appropriate antitetanus prophylaxis. Patients with local reaction or signs of systemic envenoming should be admitted for 48 h with ECG monitoring, and antivenom obtained. Indications and precautions for administration of antivenom are reviewed. Early antivenom treatment may reduce mortality and morbidity from adder bites. SN - 0264-4924 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8216603/Emergency_treatment_of_adder_bites:_case_reports_and_literature_review_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -