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Randomized controlled study of premenstrual symptoms treated with ear, hand, and foot reflexology.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine whether reflexology therapy--the application of manual pressure to reflex points on the ears, hands, and feet that somatotopically correspond to specific areas of the body--can significantly reduce premenstrual symptoms compared to placebo treatment.

METHODS

Thirty-five women who complained of previous distress with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) were randomly assigned to be treated by ear, hand, and foot reflexology or to receive placebo reflexology. All subjects completed a daily diary, which monitored 38 premenstrual symptoms on a four-point scale. Somatic and psychological indicators of premenstrual distress were recorded each day for 2 months before treatment, for 2 months during reflexology, and for 2 months afterward. The reflexology sessions for both groups were provided by a trained reflexology therapist once a week for 8 weeks, and lasted 30 minutes each.

RESULTS

Analysis of variance for repeated measures demonstrated a significantly greater decrease in premenstrual symptoms for the women given true reflexology treatment than for the women in the placebo group.

CONCLUSION

These clinical findings support the use of ear, hand, and foot reflexology for the treatment of PMS.

Links

  • Aggregator Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Division of Behavioral Medicine, California Graduate Institute, Los Angeles.

    Source

    Obstetrics and gynecology 82:6 1993 Dec pg 906-11

    MeSH

    Adult
    Ear, External
    Female
    Foot
    Hand
    Humans
    Massage
    Middle Aged
    Premenstrual Syndrome
    Pressure

    Pub Type(s)

    Clinical Trial
    Journal Article
    Randomized Controlled Trial
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    8233263

    Citation

    Oleson, T, and W Flocco. "Randomized Controlled Study of Premenstrual Symptoms Treated With Ear, Hand, and Foot Reflexology." Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 82, no. 6, 1993, pp. 906-11.
    Oleson T, Flocco W. Randomized controlled study of premenstrual symptoms treated with ear, hand, and foot reflexology. Obstet Gynecol. 1993;82(6):906-11.
    Oleson, T., & Flocco, W. (1993). Randomized controlled study of premenstrual symptoms treated with ear, hand, and foot reflexology. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 82(6), pp. 906-11.
    Oleson T, Flocco W. Randomized Controlled Study of Premenstrual Symptoms Treated With Ear, Hand, and Foot Reflexology. Obstet Gynecol. 1993;82(6):906-11. PubMed PMID: 8233263.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Randomized controlled study of premenstrual symptoms treated with ear, hand, and foot reflexology. AU - Oleson,T, AU - Flocco,W, PY - 1993/12/1/pubmed PY - 1993/12/1/medline PY - 1993/12/1/entrez SP - 906 EP - 11 JF - Obstetrics and gynecology JO - Obstet Gynecol VL - 82 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine whether reflexology therapy--the application of manual pressure to reflex points on the ears, hands, and feet that somatotopically correspond to specific areas of the body--can significantly reduce premenstrual symptoms compared to placebo treatment. METHODS: Thirty-five women who complained of previous distress with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) were randomly assigned to be treated by ear, hand, and foot reflexology or to receive placebo reflexology. All subjects completed a daily diary, which monitored 38 premenstrual symptoms on a four-point scale. Somatic and psychological indicators of premenstrual distress were recorded each day for 2 months before treatment, for 2 months during reflexology, and for 2 months afterward. The reflexology sessions for both groups were provided by a trained reflexology therapist once a week for 8 weeks, and lasted 30 minutes each. RESULTS: Analysis of variance for repeated measures demonstrated a significantly greater decrease in premenstrual symptoms for the women given true reflexology treatment than for the women in the placebo group. CONCLUSION: These clinical findings support the use of ear, hand, and foot reflexology for the treatment of PMS. SN - 0029-7844 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8233263/Randomized_controlled_study_of_premenstrual_symptoms_treated_with_ear_hand_and_foot_reflexology_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=8233263.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -