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An outbreak of vampire bat bite in a Brazilian village.
Trop Med Parasitol. 1993 Sep; 44(3):219-20.TM

Abstract

An outbreak of 26 cases of vampire bat bite in one month in the rural area of Honorópolis, a Brazilian village, is reported. All patients were bitten during the night, when they were asleep, and most bites were on their toes. No complication attributed to the bite was reported. The patients were given prophylactic antirabies serum and rabies vaccine. Control of the outbreak was achieved by visiting bat roosting sites, smearing captured vampire bats (Desmodus rotundus) with a paste of 2% warfarin in vaseline, and releasing them. No case of human or animal rabies was diagnosed in a 5-month follow-up. A possible explanation for the outbreak of bat bite is that, because of man-induced environmental modifications in their habitats, vampire bats in Honorópolis now live in the peridomiciliar area, where people are more exposed to their bites. An alternative explanation is related to the use in cattle of a pyrethroid insecticide to control the horn fly, Haematobia irritans, as both events were temporally related. The insecticide could have had a repellent effect on bats, that then started to seek alternative food sources.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centro de Controle de Zoonoses, Secretaria Municipal de Saúde, Uberlândia, Brazil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8256101

Citation

Batista-da-Costa, M, et al. "An Outbreak of Vampire Bat Bite in a Brazilian Village." Tropical Medicine and Parasitology : Official Organ of Deutsche Tropenmedizinische Gesellschaft and of Deutsche Gesellschaft Fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ), vol. 44, no. 3, 1993, pp. 219-20.
Batista-da-Costa M, Bonito RF, Nishioka SA. An outbreak of vampire bat bite in a Brazilian village. Trop Med Parasitol. 1993;44(3):219-20.
Batista-da-Costa, M., Bonito, R. F., & Nishioka, S. A. (1993). An outbreak of vampire bat bite in a Brazilian village. Tropical Medicine and Parasitology : Official Organ of Deutsche Tropenmedizinische Gesellschaft and of Deutsche Gesellschaft Fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ), 44(3), 219-20.
Batista-da-Costa M, Bonito RF, Nishioka SA. An Outbreak of Vampire Bat Bite in a Brazilian Village. Trop Med Parasitol. 1993;44(3):219-20. PubMed PMID: 8256101.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - An outbreak of vampire bat bite in a Brazilian village. AU - Batista-da-Costa,M, AU - Bonito,R F, AU - Nishioka,S A, PY - 1993/9/1/pubmed PY - 1993/9/1/medline PY - 1993/9/1/entrez SP - 219 EP - 20 JF - Tropical medicine and parasitology : official organ of Deutsche Tropenmedizinische Gesellschaft and of Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) JO - Trop Med Parasitol VL - 44 IS - 3 N2 - An outbreak of 26 cases of vampire bat bite in one month in the rural area of Honorópolis, a Brazilian village, is reported. All patients were bitten during the night, when they were asleep, and most bites were on their toes. No complication attributed to the bite was reported. The patients were given prophylactic antirabies serum and rabies vaccine. Control of the outbreak was achieved by visiting bat roosting sites, smearing captured vampire bats (Desmodus rotundus) with a paste of 2% warfarin in vaseline, and releasing them. No case of human or animal rabies was diagnosed in a 5-month follow-up. A possible explanation for the outbreak of bat bite is that, because of man-induced environmental modifications in their habitats, vampire bats in Honorópolis now live in the peridomiciliar area, where people are more exposed to their bites. An alternative explanation is related to the use in cattle of a pyrethroid insecticide to control the horn fly, Haematobia irritans, as both events were temporally related. The insecticide could have had a repellent effect on bats, that then started to seek alternative food sources. SN - 0177-2392 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8256101/An_outbreak_of_vampire_bat_bite_in_a_Brazilian_village_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/animalbites.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -