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The reasons for early weaning among mothers in Teheran.
Bull World Health Organ 1993; 71(5):561-9BW

Abstract

In order to identify the reasons for early weaning in Teheran, we interviewed 900 mothers using a systematic randomized sampling method. A total of 15% of the mothers were illiterate, 93% were housewives, and 97% had given birth in hospitals. Only 3% of the newborns benefited from rooming-in facilities in hospital, and 68% were bottle-fed while still in hospital. In 3.1% of cases the mother had not breast-fed her newborn at all. Of those who had breast-fed their infant, 38% used only their own milk, whereas 62% used a combination of breast milk and infant formula. The median duration of breast-feeding was 16 months (mean, 14 months). A total of 74% of mothers who used supplementary formula and 39% of those who had completely stopped breast-feeding blamed milk insufficiency, although 67% of these mothers had reached this conclusion only because their infants cried or were irritable. The following factors had a negative influence on the duration of breast-feeding: use of supplementary formula and of estrogen-containing oral contraceptives; fathers with high incomes; and mothers with a high educational level. In contrast, the mother's religious motive to breast-feed and her insistence on breast-feeding had a positive impact. Unfortunately, 21% of the mothers started using supplementary formula during the first month postpartum, and two-thirds before the end of the fourth month. Every month that bottle-feeding was started prematurely shortened the duration of breast-feeding by 20 days.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Paediatrics, Shaheed Beheshty University of Medical Science, Teheran, Islamic Republic of Iran.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8261559

Citation

Marandi, A, et al. "The Reasons for Early Weaning Among Mothers in Teheran." Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 71, no. 5, 1993, pp. 561-9.
Marandi A, Afzali HM, Hossaini AF. The reasons for early weaning among mothers in Teheran. Bull World Health Organ. 1993;71(5):561-9.
Marandi, A., Afzali, H. M., & Hossaini, A. F. (1993). The reasons for early weaning among mothers in Teheran. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 71(5), pp. 561-9.
Marandi A, Afzali HM, Hossaini AF. The Reasons for Early Weaning Among Mothers in Teheran. Bull World Health Organ. 1993;71(5):561-9. PubMed PMID: 8261559.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The reasons for early weaning among mothers in Teheran. AU - Marandi,A, AU - Afzali,H M, AU - Hossaini,A F, PY - 1993/1/1/pubmed PY - 1993/1/1/medline PY - 1993/1/1/entrez KW - Asia KW - Attitude--women KW - Behavior KW - Bottle Feeding KW - Breast Feeding KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Family And Household KW - Family Characteristics KW - Family Relationships KW - Health KW - Infant Nutrition KW - Iran KW - Mothers KW - Nutrition KW - Nutrition Surveys KW - Parents KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Population Dynamics KW - Psychological Factors KW - Research Report KW - Southern Asia KW - Supplementary Feeding KW - Time Factors KW - Urban Population--women KW - Weaning--determinants SP - 561 EP - 9 JF - Bulletin of the World Health Organization JO - Bull. World Health Organ. VL - 71 IS - 5 N2 - In order to identify the reasons for early weaning in Teheran, we interviewed 900 mothers using a systematic randomized sampling method. A total of 15% of the mothers were illiterate, 93% were housewives, and 97% had given birth in hospitals. Only 3% of the newborns benefited from rooming-in facilities in hospital, and 68% were bottle-fed while still in hospital. In 3.1% of cases the mother had not breast-fed her newborn at all. Of those who had breast-fed their infant, 38% used only their own milk, whereas 62% used a combination of breast milk and infant formula. The median duration of breast-feeding was 16 months (mean, 14 months). A total of 74% of mothers who used supplementary formula and 39% of those who had completely stopped breast-feeding blamed milk insufficiency, although 67% of these mothers had reached this conclusion only because their infants cried or were irritable. The following factors had a negative influence on the duration of breast-feeding: use of supplementary formula and of estrogen-containing oral contraceptives; fathers with high incomes; and mothers with a high educational level. In contrast, the mother's religious motive to breast-feed and her insistence on breast-feeding had a positive impact. Unfortunately, 21% of the mothers started using supplementary formula during the first month postpartum, and two-thirds before the end of the fourth month. Every month that bottle-feeding was started prematurely shortened the duration of breast-feeding by 20 days.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) SN - 0042-9686 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8261559/The_reasons_for_early_weaning_among_mothers_in_Teheran_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/8261559/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -