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Effect of a strict vegan diet on energy and nutrient intakes by Finnish rheumatoid patients.
Eur J Clin Nutr 1993; 47(10):747-9EJ

Abstract

Dietary intake data of 43 Finnish rheumatoid arthritis patients were collected using 7-day food records. The subjects were randomized into a control and a vegan diet groups, consisting of 22 and 21 subjects, respectively. The subjects in the vegan diet group received an uncooked vegan diet ('living food') for 3 months, and they were tutored daily by a living-food expert. The subjects in the control group continued their usual diets and received no tutoring. Adherence to the strict vegan diet was assessed on the basis of urinary sodium excretion and by the information on consumption of specific food items (wheatgrass juice and the rejuvelac drink). The use of these drinks was variable, and some boiled vegetables were consumed occasionally. However, only one of the subjects in the vegan diet group lacked a clear decrease in urinary sodium excretion. Rheumatoid patients had lower than recommended intakes of iron, zinc and niacin, and their energy intake was low compared to mean daily energy intake of the healthy Finnish females of the same age. Shifting to the uncooked vegan diet significantly increased the intakes of energy and many nutrients. In spite of the increased energy intake, the group on the vegan diet lost 9% of their body weight during the intervention period, indicating a low availability of energy from the vegan diet.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Nutrition, University of Kuopio, Finland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8269890

Citation

Rauma, A L., et al. "Effect of a Strict Vegan Diet On Energy and Nutrient Intakes By Finnish Rheumatoid Patients." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 47, no. 10, 1993, pp. 747-9.
Rauma AL, Nenonen M, Helve T, et al. Effect of a strict vegan diet on energy and nutrient intakes by Finnish rheumatoid patients. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1993;47(10):747-9.
Rauma, A. L., Nenonen, M., Helve, T., & Hänninen, O. (1993). Effect of a strict vegan diet on energy and nutrient intakes by Finnish rheumatoid patients. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 47(10), pp. 747-9.
Rauma AL, et al. Effect of a Strict Vegan Diet On Energy and Nutrient Intakes By Finnish Rheumatoid Patients. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1993;47(10):747-9. PubMed PMID: 8269890.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of a strict vegan diet on energy and nutrient intakes by Finnish rheumatoid patients. AU - Rauma,A L, AU - Nenonen,M, AU - Helve,T, AU - Hänninen,O, PY - 1993/10/1/pubmed PY - 1993/10/1/medline PY - 1993/10/1/entrez SP - 747 EP - 9 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 47 IS - 10 N2 - Dietary intake data of 43 Finnish rheumatoid arthritis patients were collected using 7-day food records. The subjects were randomized into a control and a vegan diet groups, consisting of 22 and 21 subjects, respectively. The subjects in the vegan diet group received an uncooked vegan diet ('living food') for 3 months, and they were tutored daily by a living-food expert. The subjects in the control group continued their usual diets and received no tutoring. Adherence to the strict vegan diet was assessed on the basis of urinary sodium excretion and by the information on consumption of specific food items (wheatgrass juice and the rejuvelac drink). The use of these drinks was variable, and some boiled vegetables were consumed occasionally. However, only one of the subjects in the vegan diet group lacked a clear decrease in urinary sodium excretion. Rheumatoid patients had lower than recommended intakes of iron, zinc and niacin, and their energy intake was low compared to mean daily energy intake of the healthy Finnish females of the same age. Shifting to the uncooked vegan diet significantly increased the intakes of energy and many nutrients. In spite of the increased energy intake, the group on the vegan diet lost 9% of their body weight during the intervention period, indicating a low availability of energy from the vegan diet. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8269890/Effect_of_a_strict_vegan_diet_on_energy_and_nutrient_intakes_by_Finnish_rheumatoid_patients_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/rheumatoidarthritis.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -