Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

A prospective study of diet, smoking, and lower urinary tract cancer.

Abstract

The association of diet and smoking with bladder cancer was investigated in a cohort study conducted in Hawaii. The study included 7995 Japanese-American men who were born between 1900 and 1919, and were examined from 1965 to 1968. After 22 years of follow-up, 96 incident cases of bladder cancer were diagnosed. Current cigarette smokers had a 2.9-fold risk of bladder cancer, compared with nonsmokers. A direct dose-response relation was observed, based on pack-years of cigarette smoking. Consumption of fruit was inversely associated with the risk of bladder cancer (P = 0.038). The relative risk was 0.6 among subjects who had the most frequent (> or = 5 times/wk) intake of fruits compared to those with the least intake (< or = 1 time/wk). A weaker inverse association with milk intake was also observed (P = 0.07). Frequent consumption of fried vegetables, pickles, or coffee increased the risk of bladder cancer, but none of these foods showed a significant dose-response relationship. There was no association of other selected foods, alcohol, total calories, protein, fat, or carbohydrates with bladder cancer risk.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Japan-Hawaii Cancer Study, Kuakini Medical Center, Honolulu 96817.

    ,

    Source

    Annals of epidemiology 3:3 1993 May pg 211-6

    MeSH

    Aged
    Aged, 80 and over
    Alcohol Drinking
    Cohort Studies
    Confidence Intervals
    Diet
    Hawaii
    Humans
    Japan
    Male
    Prospective Studies
    Risk Factors
    Smoking
    Urinary Bladder Neoplasms

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    8275191

    Citation

    Chyou, P H., et al. "A Prospective Study of Diet, Smoking, and Lower Urinary Tract Cancer." Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 3, no. 3, 1993, pp. 211-6.
    Chyou PH, Nomura AM, Stemmermann GN. A prospective study of diet, smoking, and lower urinary tract cancer. Ann Epidemiol. 1993;3(3):211-6.
    Chyou, P. H., Nomura, A. M., & Stemmermann, G. N. (1993). A prospective study of diet, smoking, and lower urinary tract cancer. Annals of Epidemiology, 3(3), pp. 211-6.
    Chyou PH, Nomura AM, Stemmermann GN. A Prospective Study of Diet, Smoking, and Lower Urinary Tract Cancer. Ann Epidemiol. 1993;3(3):211-6. PubMed PMID: 8275191.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - A prospective study of diet, smoking, and lower urinary tract cancer. AU - Chyou,P H, AU - Nomura,A M, AU - Stemmermann,G N, PY - 1993/5/1/pubmed PY - 1993/5/1/medline PY - 1993/5/1/entrez SP - 211 EP - 6 JF - Annals of epidemiology JO - Ann Epidemiol VL - 3 IS - 3 N2 - The association of diet and smoking with bladder cancer was investigated in a cohort study conducted in Hawaii. The study included 7995 Japanese-American men who were born between 1900 and 1919, and were examined from 1965 to 1968. After 22 years of follow-up, 96 incident cases of bladder cancer were diagnosed. Current cigarette smokers had a 2.9-fold risk of bladder cancer, compared with nonsmokers. A direct dose-response relation was observed, based on pack-years of cigarette smoking. Consumption of fruit was inversely associated with the risk of bladder cancer (P = 0.038). The relative risk was 0.6 among subjects who had the most frequent (> or = 5 times/wk) intake of fruits compared to those with the least intake (< or = 1 time/wk). A weaker inverse association with milk intake was also observed (P = 0.07). Frequent consumption of fried vegetables, pickles, or coffee increased the risk of bladder cancer, but none of these foods showed a significant dose-response relationship. There was no association of other selected foods, alcohol, total calories, protein, fat, or carbohydrates with bladder cancer risk. SN - 1047-2797 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8275191/A_prospective_study_of_diet_smoking_and_lower_urinary_tract_cancer_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/1047-2797(93)90021-U DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -