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A prospective study of diet, smoking, and lower urinary tract cancer.
Ann Epidemiol 1993; 3(3):211-6AE

Abstract

The association of diet and smoking with bladder cancer was investigated in a cohort study conducted in Hawaii. The study included 7995 Japanese-American men who were born between 1900 and 1919, and were examined from 1965 to 1968. After 22 years of follow-up, 96 incident cases of bladder cancer were diagnosed. Current cigarette smokers had a 2.9-fold risk of bladder cancer, compared with nonsmokers. A direct dose-response relation was observed, based on pack-years of cigarette smoking. Consumption of fruit was inversely associated with the risk of bladder cancer (P = 0.038). The relative risk was 0.6 among subjects who had the most frequent (> or = 5 times/wk) intake of fruits compared to those with the least intake (< or = 1 time/wk). A weaker inverse association with milk intake was also observed (P = 0.07). Frequent consumption of fried vegetables, pickles, or coffee increased the risk of bladder cancer, but none of these foods showed a significant dose-response relationship. There was no association of other selected foods, alcohol, total calories, protein, fat, or carbohydrates with bladder cancer risk.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Japan-Hawaii Cancer Study, Kuakini Medical Center, Honolulu 96817.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8275191

Citation

Chyou, P H., et al. "A Prospective Study of Diet, Smoking, and Lower Urinary Tract Cancer." Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 3, no. 3, 1993, pp. 211-6.
Chyou PH, Nomura AM, Stemmermann GN. A prospective study of diet, smoking, and lower urinary tract cancer. Ann Epidemiol. 1993;3(3):211-6.
Chyou, P. H., Nomura, A. M., & Stemmermann, G. N. (1993). A prospective study of diet, smoking, and lower urinary tract cancer. Annals of Epidemiology, 3(3), pp. 211-6.
Chyou PH, Nomura AM, Stemmermann GN. A Prospective Study of Diet, Smoking, and Lower Urinary Tract Cancer. Ann Epidemiol. 1993;3(3):211-6. PubMed PMID: 8275191.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A prospective study of diet, smoking, and lower urinary tract cancer. AU - Chyou,P H, AU - Nomura,A M, AU - Stemmermann,G N, PY - 1993/5/1/pubmed PY - 1993/5/1/medline PY - 1993/5/1/entrez SP - 211 EP - 6 JF - Annals of epidemiology JO - Ann Epidemiol VL - 3 IS - 3 N2 - The association of diet and smoking with bladder cancer was investigated in a cohort study conducted in Hawaii. The study included 7995 Japanese-American men who were born between 1900 and 1919, and were examined from 1965 to 1968. After 22 years of follow-up, 96 incident cases of bladder cancer were diagnosed. Current cigarette smokers had a 2.9-fold risk of bladder cancer, compared with nonsmokers. A direct dose-response relation was observed, based on pack-years of cigarette smoking. Consumption of fruit was inversely associated with the risk of bladder cancer (P = 0.038). The relative risk was 0.6 among subjects who had the most frequent (> or = 5 times/wk) intake of fruits compared to those with the least intake (< or = 1 time/wk). A weaker inverse association with milk intake was also observed (P = 0.07). Frequent consumption of fried vegetables, pickles, or coffee increased the risk of bladder cancer, but none of these foods showed a significant dose-response relationship. There was no association of other selected foods, alcohol, total calories, protein, fat, or carbohydrates with bladder cancer risk. SN - 1047-2797 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8275191/A_prospective_study_of_diet_smoking_and_lower_urinary_tract_cancer_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/1047-2797(93)90021-U DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -