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The growth of South African rural black children.
S Afr Med J. 1993 Mar; 83(3):184-90.SA

Abstract

The growth status of two samples of South African rural black children, from Ubombo, KwaZulu, and Vaalwater, northern Transvaal, was compared with that of samples of American black children and three other rural sub-Saharan groups. All the sub-Saharan black children were shorter, lighter and had less subcutaneous fat than the American children. Their growth curves demonstrated the well-recognised pattern of deviation from American means before adolescence so that, by the start of adolescence, approximately 50% of the children were below the 10th centile of American norms. Adolescence in all groups is delayed and the magnitude of peak velocity reduced. The adolescent growth spurt appears, however, to be extended along the time base so that pre- and post-peak velocities are raised; this leads to apparent catch-up growth in the late teenage years. While the Vaalwater sample demonstrated growth patterns very similar to those of other rural sub-Saharan black groups, the Ubombo children were consistently taller and heavier than all the others. These data are discussed in relation to the need for national norms that reflect the growth status of black South African children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Anatomy and Human Biology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8280209

Citation

Cameron, N, and J S. Kgamphe. "The Growth of South African Rural Black Children." South African Medical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde, vol. 83, no. 3, 1993, pp. 184-90.
Cameron N, Kgamphe JS. The growth of South African rural black children. S Afr Med J. 1993;83(3):184-90.
Cameron, N., & Kgamphe, J. S. (1993). The growth of South African rural black children. South African Medical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde, 83(3), 184-90.
Cameron N, Kgamphe JS. The Growth of South African Rural Black Children. S Afr Med J. 1993;83(3):184-90. PubMed PMID: 8280209.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The growth of South African rural black children. AU - Cameron,N, AU - Kgamphe,J S, PY - 1993/3/1/pubmed PY - 1993/3/1/medline PY - 1993/3/1/entrez SP - 184 EP - 90 JF - South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde JO - S Afr Med J VL - 83 IS - 3 N2 - The growth status of two samples of South African rural black children, from Ubombo, KwaZulu, and Vaalwater, northern Transvaal, was compared with that of samples of American black children and three other rural sub-Saharan groups. All the sub-Saharan black children were shorter, lighter and had less subcutaneous fat than the American children. Their growth curves demonstrated the well-recognised pattern of deviation from American means before adolescence so that, by the start of adolescence, approximately 50% of the children were below the 10th centile of American norms. Adolescence in all groups is delayed and the magnitude of peak velocity reduced. The adolescent growth spurt appears, however, to be extended along the time base so that pre- and post-peak velocities are raised; this leads to apparent catch-up growth in the late teenage years. While the Vaalwater sample demonstrated growth patterns very similar to those of other rural sub-Saharan black groups, the Ubombo children were consistently taller and heavier than all the others. These data are discussed in relation to the need for national norms that reflect the growth status of black South African children. SN - 0256-9574 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8280209/The_growth_of_South_African_rural_black_children_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/blackandafricanamericanhealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -